Report: Abortion

American Pro-Life Encyclopedia

 

CHAPTER 30. INTRODUCTION TO THE ABORTION ISSUE

CHAPTER 52. A BRIEF HISTORY OF ABORTION

CHAPTER 57. ABORTION: WORLDWIDE WAR ON THE INNOCENTS

CHAPTER 69. THE PREBORN AS LIVING BEINGS

CHAPTER 72. THE MIRACLE OF FETAL DEVELOPMENT

CHAPTER 79. RAPE AND INCEST: THE ULTIMATE “HARD CASES”

 

 

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CHAPTER 30. INTRODUCTION TO THE ABORTION ISSUE

 

“How many times can a man turn his head, and pretend that he just doesn’t see? The answer, my friend, is blowing in the wind. The answer is blowing in the wind ...”-- Bob Dylan, “Blowing in the Wind.”

 

ABORTION!

 

The single act whereby a woman decisively turns her back upon that quality that makes her totally unique in all of the world -- her ability to become a mother.

 

The very word “abortion” conjures in one’s mind, unbidden, vivid and bloody pictures of cowardly and secretive murder. So it is understandable that abortophiles refer to themselves as “pro-choice” and attempt to label pro-life activists “anti-choice.”

 

The pro-abortionists want nothing to do with the word “abortion.” They want the public to forget the term entirely, because they want to sanitize their image. They know that if our nation forgets the word “abortion,” it will also forget about the killing that the word represents.

 

The Prevalent Anti-Life Mentality.

 

“How do we account for the thousands here and the millions nationwide who have gone to their little deaths, as if they never were? And will they ever stop haunting us?”-- Editorial entitled “Abortion: Will It Haunt Us?”[1]

 

“Progress” Towards Mass Death.

 

American pro-abortionists are well on the way towards achieving their ultimate goal of institutionalized and ingrained abortion on demand for any reason whatever through all nine months of pregnancy.

 

They are ‘progressing’ towards this objective with the willing complicity of a populace that has a pressing need to forget that a New American Holocaust is happening in its very midst. The people of this nation have been brainwashed to the point where they are offended and even outraged by a photograph of an aborted baby -- but not by the act of abortion itself!

 

And make no mistake -- our pagan nation most definitely has bought into the anti-life mentality. It has purchased the entire gory package for a very dear price.

 

Before Abortion ...

 

As evil an act as abortion is, it cannot stand alone. It must be preceded by a widespread negative “societal attitude” towards human fertility.

 

No nation has ever legalized abortion without first denigrating the importance of motherhood and flooding its citizens with methods of artificial contraception.

 

The ‘birth control debate’ raged white-hot thirty years ago, just as the abortion issue does now, but it is currently a completely dead issue, except in those rare instances when a new and possibly dangerous method of birth control hits the market. Most Americans see nothing at all wrong with using various birth control methods to sabotage their own reproductive systems. There is only one branch of medicine devoted to destroying the function of an organ system instead of healing it -- and this practice is flourishing. Most American women have rendered themselves temporarily or permanently sterile by artificial means, and many will never know the joys and the trials of motherhood.

 

When these various contraceptive methods fail, the resulting gift from God is looked upon not as a child, but as a “contraceptive failure.” So pro-abortionists acknowledge that the primary reason they want abortion on demand is to act as a “backup for contraceptive failures.”

 

And After Abortion ...

 

A negative attitude towards motherhood precedes widespread contraceptive use, and contraceptive use precedes abortion. The final link in this deadly chain is the practice of infanticide and euthanasia, which cannot be introduced without first institutionalizing abortion.

 

An estimated two to five thousand newborn babies are starved to death in nurseries every year.

 

After all, what is the difference between killing a baby a few days before birth and killing it a few days after birth? While these little newborns suffer unspeakable agony, the euthanasiasts in our midst are campaigning for nationalized health care and cost containment. And we are lately casting a jaundiced eye at those elderly and sick people who are a “burden to society.”

 

Since abortion must precede euthanasia, the fight against the slaughter of the preborn is also a fight against the killing of the born . Pro-life (anti-abortion) activists know instinctively that they are also helping to forestall the wave of euthanasia that even now threatens to wash over us.

 

Smooth Progress to Destruction.

 

The Beginning.

 

There can no longer be any doubt that, after 1,900 years of constant and consistent teaching against it, the Anglican Church began our long slide down the ‘slippery slope’ when it accepted artificial contraception for “just the hard cases” in 1930, as described in Chapter 42, “Church Positions on Abortion.”

 

In just 60 short years, we have progressed steadily and inexorably from birth control for “just the hard cases” to birth control for any reason; from abortion for “just the hard cases” to abortion for any reason; and from to euthanasia for “just the hard cases” to euthanasia for a large number of exceptions.

 

The Solution.

 

Theologians and secular thinkers may agree on very little, but they do concur that nothing is accomplished without action. It is up to Christians to turn this country around; nobody else is going to do it!

 

The only valid question remaining for any individual who values human life is not “ Should I get involved?,” but “ Where should I get involved?”

 

There are many avenues of approach in the battle against abortion.

 

Some people work by striking at the very roots of abortion: The anti- life and contraceptive mentality, which strives to eliminate both fertility and those children deemed inconvenient or “birth control failures.”

 

These pro-lifers work on the basics. They teach their children love of life and of God’s marvelous gift of fertility. They learn and teach natural family planning (NFP) to other couples. They distribute pro-life literature in high schools and oppose school-based clinics, secular sex education programs, and condom distribution plans.

 

This battle against the prevalent destructive sexual attitudes in this country is critical because it attacks the problem at its roots. This is a fight that rarely sees the glare of media publicity.

 

Many pro-lifers address the other end of the spectrum: Euthanasia. This field is still wide-open. Although the pro-euthanasia people are well-organized, pro-life groups are still re-orienting themselves to deal with this threat. Pro-lifers who oppose euthanasia expose infanticide, work against the starvation of the helpless, and strive to educate the public about the grave danger that ‘death with dignity’ poses.

 

The euthanasiasts are progressing steadily through the same courts that gave us abortion on demand. The euthanasia ‘rights’ movement is now precisely where the abortion ‘rights’ movement was about 20 years ago. It is currying favor with the media and testing the limits of the law, all the time spewing rhetoric that is a haunting echo of the pro-abortion doublespeak we know so well.

 

The euthanasia fight is still largely the domain of the experts, and has not yet caught the full attention of the public.

 

The Current Focus.

 

As far as pro-life activism is concerned, abortion is ‘where it’s at.’ Abortion represents the significant and conscious point at which the actual killing begins, that point at which activists clash, and where the publicity, friction and heat are generated. Abortion represents that unique junction on the personal, national, and international slippery slopes where the grade turns from a shallow coast forward to an almost uncontrollable plunge into the abyss. The practice of widespread and permissive abortion means that both the individual person and society have thrown off all pretense of humanity and belief in God, and live for the simplest, easiest solution, whatever it may be -- even if that solution involves actual killing.

 

Pro-lifers have been waiting for almost two decades for the abortion battle to be returned to the states. Now that this is beginning to happen, we have reason to celebrate. But the battle will be long and savage, especially under a Clinton regime, and the only way to gain a decisive victory is to convert the hearts and minds of the people of America -- one by one.

 

Anyone can fight abortion. Everyone has skills that are critically needed by the pro-life Movement. The battle over abortion already is fully joined. There is certainly no shortage of tasks that need to be accomplished.

 

All we need are people to accomplish them!

 

Resources.

 

Chapter 20 of Volume I lists the names and addresses of more than one hundred nationally-based pro-life activist organizations. Between them, all of these groups cover every possible field of pro-life action.

 

Chapters 22 and 23 of Volume I describe many excellent pro-life books and periodicals that can inform the rookie or veteran activist on virtually any aspect of pro-life activism.

 

Anyone considering joining the pro/anti-life battle is urged to contact a national or local pro-life group and begin working in their area of expertise and skill towards the goal of converting this country back to its original Godly values.

 

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[1] “Abortion: Will It Haunt Us?” Peoria Journal Star editorial. Also quoted in an article by the same name in the May 16, 1985 issue of National Right to Life News , page 2.

 

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Further Reading: Introduction to the Abortion Issue.

 

The best way to get a good view of the “big picture” regarding the abortion issue is to read several primers. The following books provide basic and generalized information that will be of use to both beginning and veteran pro-life activists. Anyone who wants to research a specific topic in greater depth should refer to the books listed at the end of the appropriate chapter in this book.

 

Chapter 22 of Volume I includes a more comprehensive list of good introductory-level pro-life books.

 

Randy Alcorn. Pro Life Answers to Pro Choice Arguments . Multnomah Press, 10209 SE Division Street, Portland, Oregon 97226. 1992, 300 pages. A truly excellent book that covers all of the salient points of rebuttal to 39 standard pro-abort slogans. There are five parts to the book, by clusters of slogans: Arguments concerning life, humanity, and personhood; arguments concerning rights and fairness; arguments concerning social issues; arguments concerning health and safety; arguments concerning the “hard cases;” and arguments against the character of prolifers.

 

ALL About Issues . This is a glossy, 60-page monthly pro-life magazine published by Judie Brown’s American Life League. It is an excellent compendium of news briefs on pro-life activities (mainly pickets and rescues) all over the country, and includes brief commentaries on various subjects, including ALL’s favorite target, Planned Parenthood. Subscriptions are $29.95 annually. For information, write to American Life League, Post Office Box 1350, Stafford, Virginia, 22555. Telephone: (703) 659-4171.

 

John Ankerberg and John Weldon. When Does Life Begin?: And 39 Other Tough Questions About Abortion . Brentwood, Tennessee: Wolgemuth & Hyatt Publishers, 1989, 252 pages. This book is one of the best primers the pro-life movement has, because it contains everything that a new activist needs to know. It has four logically laid-out sections: (1) the basic question on when human life begins; (2) answering pro-abort slogans; (3) a Biblical and theological analysis of abortion, and (4) what Christians and churches can do to stop the American Holocaust.

 

Baruch Brody. Abortion and the Sanctity of Human Life: A Philosophical View . Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 1975, 162 pages. $4.45. Mr. Brody was a pro-abortion activist who began this book with the twin objectives of examining both pro-life and “pro-choice” slogans for logic and valid assumptions. By the time Mr. Brody had finished his book, he was pro-life. This should tell you something. An excellent book for anyone who wants to be able to refute pro-abortion slogans and catchwords effectively. The book is old but still perfectly applicable, and demonstrates that mindless anti-life trivia never changes.

 

Father James Tunstead Burtchaell (Editor). Abortion Parlay . Andrews and McNeel, Inc, 1981. 352 pages, $20.00. Reviewed by Effie A. Quay on page 8 of the February 8, 1982 issue of National Right to Life News . Proceedings of the abortion conference at Notre Dame University in October 1979. This conference did not address the core issues of abortion, but rather attempted to ‘reconcile’ opposing viewpoints regarding ancillary topics.

 

Father James Tunstead Burtchaell. Rachel Weeping and Other Essays on Abortion . Kansas City: Andrews and McMeel, Inc., 1981. 383 pages, $20.00. Reviewed by Dick Conklin on page 7 of the June 24, 1982 issue of National Right to Life News . This comprehensive book covers numerous topics related to abortion in compact, “bite-size” chunks that are ideal for a reading program spread out, an hour at a time, over two or three weeks.

 

Sidney and Daniel Callahan (editors). Abortion: Understanding Differences . Plenum Press, 233 Sprill Street, New York, New York 10013. 1984, 338 pages. This book consists of a series of essays on various aspects of the abortion issue and a short rebuttal to each chapter written by a person on the opposite side of the issue. Authors include Kristin Luker, Mary Meehan, and Daniel and Sidney Callahan. Most of the chapters deal with issues that are seldom addressed in the abortion debate: Abortion and culture, abortion and its impacts on family and community, the role of children, and the importance of values.

 

Martin Chervin. Born Unborn . $9.95. Order from Theater Without Walls, Post Office Box 661236, Los Angeles, California 90066. A dramatic description of the horrors of abortion from the points of view of the baby, the mother, and society.

 

Daughters of St. Paul. Pro-Life Catechism . Order from Daughters of St. Paul, 50 St. Paul’s Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts, 02130. 98 pages, 1986, $3.95. Generally intended for Catholics, but contains pertinent information for any Christian pro-life activist. Arranged in a question and answer format on various life-related subjects.

 

John Jefferson Davis. Abortion and the Christian: What Every Believer Should Know . Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Company, Box 817, Phillipsburg, New Jersey 08865. 1984, 125 pages, $4.95. This book answers the basic questions of abortion for the Christian: When does life begin, what does Scripture say about prenatal killing, if abortion is ever justified, the dangers of abortion, and what the Christian can do about the current situation.

 

Donald DeMarco, Ph.D. Abortion in Perspective . $5.95. Order from: Life Issues Bookshelf, Sun Life, Thaxton, Virginia 24174. Telephone: (703) 586-4898. An analysis of the empty philosophy behind all of the pro-abortion rhetoric. This book allows the activist to understand where the pro-aborts are “coming from,” and thus allows a more effective and reasoned response.

 

Richard Exley. Abortion: Pro-Life By Conviction, Pro-Choice By Default . Honor Books, Post Office 55388, Tulsa, Oklahoma 74155. 1989, 114 pages. A good primer, very eloquently written on the foundations of the abortion debate: Rights, the beginnings of life, child abuse, rape and incest, post-abortion syndrome, the “coathanger myth,” and profiles of several pro-life heroes.

 

Bernard J. Ficarra, M.D. Abortion Analyzed . Old Town, Maine: Health Educators Publications. 1989, 226 pages. Reviewed by William F. Colliton, Jr., M.D, on page 46 of the April 1990 issue of ALL About Issues . A very good primer on the basic medical, legal, scientific, social, theological, political, and bioethical aspects of abortion, with one serious flaw; the author opens up the door to the use of abortifacients by equating the time of ensoulment with implantation, not fertilization.

 

Stephen Freind. God’s Children . New York: Morrow, 1987. 538 pages, $18.95. Reviewed by Diane Parente on page 9 of the July 2, 1987 National Right to Life News . A fascinating fiction novel written by a Pennsylvania legislator that includes a detailed look at the theory and practice of the abortion issue from the pro-life activist’s view and from the standpoint of a pro-life legislator who must labor under many restraints.

 

Richard L. Ganz (editor). Thou Shalt Not Kill: The Christian Case Against Abortion . New York: Arlington House Publishers. 1978, 200 pages. Seven distinguished pro-life authors, including Surgeon General C. Everett Koop, Susan Foh, and Harold O.J. Brown, examine the various fundamental aspects of abortion: Medical, psychological, Biblical, historical, legal, moral, and with regards to women’s liberation. A good primer in the fundamental issues.

 

Ian Gentles (editor). A Time to Choose Life: Women, Abortion and Human Rights . Stoddart Publishing Company Limited, 34 Lesmill Road, Toronto, Canada M3B 2T6. 1990, 255 pages, $16.95. This book consists of a series of articles by various authors grouped into three general divisions, which address the abortion situation in Canada, where the preborn enjoy even less protection than they do in the United States. These sections are: “Philosophy, Feminism, and Politics;” “The Medical and Social Consequences of Abortion;” and “Parliament, the Courts, and the Unborn Child.” Authors include Ian Gentles, Denyse O’Leary, George Grant, and Heather Morris.

 

John L. Grady, M.D. Abortion: Yes or No? Paperback, $1.00. Order from: Life Issues Bookshelf, Sun Life, Thaxton, Virginia 24174. Telephone: (703) 586-4898. This short book, which has sold almost two million copies, gives a short and straightforward summary of the case against abortion. Ideal for discussion with an open-minded pro-abort (if such exists).

 

Greenhaven Press. Abortion: Opposing Viewpoints . Greenhaven Press Opposing Viewpoints Series, Post Office Box 289009, San Diego, California 92128-9009. 1986, 214 pages. Reviewed by John P. Murray on page 11 of the November 6, 1986 National Right to Life News . Very readable collection of essays on the fundamental issues surrounding abortion. Excellent for preparation by pro-life debaters. The questions asked are: “When Does Life Begin?;” Should Abortion Remain a Personal Choice?;” “Is Abortion Immoral?;” “Can Abortion Be Justified?;” “Should Abortion Remain Legal?:” and “Are Extremist Tactics Justified in the Abortion Debate?” Authors include Joe Scheidler, Kristin Luker, Cardinal John O’Connor, and Melinda Delahoyde. A catalog is available from the above address and can be obtained by calling 1-(800) 231-5163.

 

Jeff Lane Hansley (editor). The Zero People: Essays on Life . Servant Books, 1983. 310 pages, $7.95. Reviewed by Douglas Johnson on page 9 of the November 24, 1983 issue of National Right to Life News . An anthology of 26 essays on the life issues, most of which are extracted from the Human Life Review . This book is useful to all pro-life activists, no matter what their experience level, because the accomplished writers bring together all of the life issues, explain them, and show how they are inextricably intertwined.

 

Thomas W. Hilgers, M.D., and Dennis J. Horan, editors. Abortion and Social Justice . 1973: $4.95. Order from: Life Issues Bookshelf, Sun Life, Thaxton, Virginia 24174. Telephone: (703) 586-4898. This book covers the general medical, legal and social aspects of the abortion holocaust, and is also a good ‘primer’ for the beginning pro-life activist or a memory refresher for the veteran.

 

Thomas W. Hilgers, M.D., Dennis J. Horan, and David Mall (editors). New Perspectives on Human Abortion . Frederick, Maryland: Aletheia Books, University Publications of America, 1981. A superb compilation of essays by the most experienced pro-lifers in the land, dealing with virtually all of the basic issues involved in taking human life. An excellent primer for any pro-life activist. Articles include “Abortion Related Maternal Mortality: An In-Depth Analysis,” on pages 69 to 91, and “An Objective Model for Estimating Criminal Abortions and its Implications for Public Policy,” on pages 164 to 181.

 

Human Life International Reports . These monthly reports give details on the progress of the international pro-life movement in many countries and the status of pro-homosexual and pro-abortion infiltration of domestic and foreign Catholic churches. Less detailed coverage of a broader range of topics is given in HLI’s monthly Special Reports. To subscribe, write to Human Life International, 7845-E Airpark Road, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20879, or call (301) 670-7884. HLI’s FAX number is (301) 869-7363.

 

Human Life Issues . The Human Life Center, directed by Mike and Rita Marker, is an educational resource center with an extensive and up-to-date library of research materials and “Life Issue Files” drawn from various publications all over the world. HLC publishes a quarterly newsletter entitled Human Life Issues at $6.00 per year. The address of HLC is; Human Life Center, University of Steubenville, Steubenville, Ohio 43952. Telephone: (614) 282-9953.

 

The Human Life Review . This is a superbly presented scholarly journal modeled after the most distinguished psychobiology periodicals, and is published by the Human Life Foundation. It is mailed quarterly, and contains about 150 pages of essays by the best-known pro-life authors in the world, primarily on the legal and sociological aspects of abortion and its loathsome offspring, infanticide and euthanasia. One of the favorite topics of the authors is the continued lack of decisive action by the Catholic Church and other institutions. This excellent chronicle of the American Holocaust and its many effects is must reading for the serious pro-life activist. The nation’s top conservative writers examine the anti-life philosophy in clinical and brilliant detail with their scholarly and insightful articles. Most back issues are available. Subscriptions are $15 annually, and back issues, both bound and unbound, are available from: Editorial Office, 150 East 35th Street, Room 840, New York, New York 10016. Telephone: (212) 685-5210, FAX: (212) 696-0309.

 

Robert E. and Mary Rosera Joyce. Let Us Be Born . Franciscan Herald Books, 1434 West 51st Street, Chicago, Illinois 60609. 1970, 98 pages, $1.95. Although this book is twenty years old, it proves once again that the basics of the abortion issue never really change. The book could have been published yesterday. It is an easy-reading primer on the general arguments on both sides of the issue during the pre- Roe era. These arguments must inevitably remain the same in the post- Roe era.

 

Eike-Henner W. Kluge. The Practice of Death . London: Yale University Press. 1975, 250 pages, $3.95. The author ties together in a general manner the philosophy and tactics of all of the pro-death movements: Abortion, infanticide, suicide, euthanasia, and ‘senicide.’ Although the book is nearly twenty years old, it is still relevant today.

 

James W. Knight and Joan C. Callahan. Preventing Birth: Contemporary Methods and Related Moral Controversies . University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City, Utah, 1989. 350 pages. This book pretty thoroughly covers the history, politics, and types of birth control, some information on human reproductive anatomy and how the birth control methods work, techniques of abortion and types and modes of action of various abortifacients, and a short section on the various issues related to abortion. This is a book that takes the widest possible view of the abortion debate, sweeping in almost every tangential issue, and is recommended for those who would like to pursue the connections between abortion and artificial contraception further.

 

C. Everett Koop, M.D., and Timothy Johnson, M.D. Let’s Talk: An Honest Conversation on Critical Issues . Zondervan Press, 1992, 144 pages, $8.99. Reviewed by William Griffin on page 8 of the November 8, 1992 issue of Catholic Twin Circle . A former Surgeon General of the United States and ABC-TV’s medical editor discuss the critical issues of abortion, euthanasia, AIDS, and health care. Both writers are Christians who disagree on some of the issues, and this book, which is a published version of their informal debates, helps Christians examine some of the more arcane and complicated aspects of the above issues.

 

Peter Kreeft. The Unaborted Socrates: A Dramatic Debate on the Issues Surrounding Abortion . $5.95. Order from: Life Issues Bookshelf, Sun Life, Thaxton, Virginia 24174, telephone: (703) 586-4898. Reviewed by Richard Doerflinger on page 5 of the November 24, 1983 issue of National Right to Life News . This book shows that all arguments for and against abortion are reduced to one primary position: That the unborn are or are not persons. It is also a valuable debating tool in that it shows pro- lifers how to master the Socratic method of clarifying issues and their underlying themes through logic and directed questioning.

 

Living World . This quarterly magazine addresses most of the pro-life issues, including school-based clinics, teen sexuality, medicine, brain death, euthanasia, and other topics that affect the family. Subscription price is $10 annually. Order from International Life Services, Inc., 2606-1/2 West 8th Street, Los Angeles, California, 90057, telephone: (213) 382-2156. This organization also publishes an annual Pro-Life Resource Manual that lists more than 4,000 local and national pro-life groups. This valuable guide sells for $15.

 

David Mall. In Good Conscience: Abortion and Moral Theory . Kairos Books, 1982. 166 pages, $18.50 hardbound, $8.50 paperback. Reviewed by Wanda Franz, Ph.D., on page 20 of the January 6, 1983 issue of National Right to Life News , and by Steven Baer on page 10 of the November 24, 1983 issue of the same publication. This excellent book demonstrates the absolute correctness of the pro-life position and demonstrates the destruction that must inevitable occur in a society preoccupied with death.

 

David Mall and Walter F. Watts, M.D. (editors). The Psychological Aspects of Abortion . Sponsored by the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Stritch School of Medicine, Loyola University. 1979: University Publications of America, Inc, Washington, DC. 156 pages. Order from: Life Issues Bookshelf, Sun Life, Thaxton, Virginia 24174, telephone: (703) 586-4898. This collection of studies covers post-abortion psychosis, abortion and the consequent abuse of siblings, the psychic causes of the abortion mentality, and how abortion depersonalizes both the individual and society in general. Written in layman’s language, easily readable, and filled with good and indisputable information.

 

James J. Mulligan. Choose Life . The Pope John XXIII Medical-Moral Research & Education Center, Braintree, Massachusetts 02184. 1991, 370 pages. This unusual book consists of a series of short stories that describe in layman’s terms the philosophical debates surrounding bioethical issues of our time. The stories do not focus as much on specific issues as they do on the general concepts surrounding biomedical ethics. A good primer for those researching and pondering general concepts regarding abortion and euthanasia.

 

John T. Noonan, Jr. A Private Choice: Abortion in America . New York: The Free Press, 1979. $11.95. Reviewed by Joseph M. Boyle in the Summer 1980 issue of the International Review of Natural Family Planning , pages 173 to 175. This is perhaps the finest ‘primer’ book on abortion that has ever been issued. It thoroughly and clearly covers all of the basic arguments and aspects of the abortion debate in a general manner, and could serve as a ‘framework’ for further study by pro-life activists of any experience level.

 

Catherine and William Odell. The First Human Right: A Pro-Life Primer . 1983, 92 pages, $4.95. Order from Our Sunday Visitor, 200 Noll Plaza, Huntington, Indiana 46750, telephone: 1-800-348-2440. Reviewed by Mary Kay Culp on page 8 of the November 24, 1983 issue of National Right to Life News .

 

President Ronald Reagan. Abortion and the Conscience of the Nation . Thomas Nelson Publishers, Nashville, Tennessee. 1984, $7.95. Reviewed by Chilton Williamson, Jr. on page 58 of the August 24, 1984 issue of National Review . This is the first book written by a sitting President in decades, but it was pointedly ignored by the media and by the major publishing houses. It ranges over the generalities of abortion and concludes with incisive afterwords by C. Everett Koop and Malcolm Muggeridge.

 

Professor Charles E. Rice. 50 Questions on Abortion, Euthanasia, and Related Issues . Order from: Life Issues Bookshelf, Sun Life, Thaxton, Virginia 24174, telephone: (703) 586-4898. This book examines the tactics and approaches used by the pro-life movement to fight abortion and euthanasia, and the various sources and causes of conflict between individuals and organizations within the Movement. Every activist and pro-life group should use this book as an aid to examining their attitudes toward the issues and toward their fellow activists.

 

Professor Charles E. Rice. No Exceptions: A Pro-Life Imperative . Tyholland Press, Box 212, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556. 1990, 131 pages, $8.00. A truly outstanding examination of the basic pro-life moral arguments against abortion. Pro-life direct and support activities are also described in some detail. Recommended for all new pro-life activists, and those veterans who want to redefine and sharpen their debating skills.

 

Jan R. Schmidt (editor). To the Unborn With Love: Essays in Honour of Daniel Ch Overduin . Lutheran Publishing House, Adelaide, Australia. 1990, 166 pages, $14.95. Order from Lutherans for Life Treasurer, Mrs. I. Hinton, 4 Fisher Place, West Lakes, South Australia 5021. A series of essays on the life issues by some of the leading theologians and philosophers of the international pro-life movement, including John Strelan, Anthony Fisher, Jean Garton, William E. May, and Australian Senator Brian Harradine. Each of four main sections includes from two to five essays. Sections include Theological/ ethical; bioethical/biomedical/biolegal/biosocial; philosophical/historical/political/educational and an international Lutheran and Catholic perspective. Topics include euthanasia under the Nazis and in the world today; pro-life Egyptian midwives; in-vitro fertilization from an Christian perspective; and the early Church and abortion.

 

Stephen Schwarz. The Moral Question of Abortion . Chicago: Loyola University Press, 1990. Reviewed by Dr. William A. Marra on page 53 of the Winter 1991 ALL About Issues . A searching examination of the slogans posed by the pro-abortion movement. Highly recommended.

 

R.C. Sproul. Abortion: A Rational Look At An Emotional Issue . A tutorial class on the basic issues surrounding abortion. The video series costs $95.00, the audio series $20.00, the paperback book is $9.95, and additional study guides are $4.00. Order from Ligonier Ministries, Post Office Box 7500, Orlando, Florida 32854. Order by telephone at 1-800-435-4343.

 

Father Rosario Thomas. The Philosophy of Life: The Pope and the Right to Life . Pro Fratribus Press, Post Office Box 223, Warren, New Hampshire 03279. 1989, 278 pages, $3.00. Despite the title, this neat little book will be of great interest to all Christians. There are topics covered in this primer that are found in few other similar works: The media and abortion, the basic philosophy and theology of life, women and motherhood, natural family planning (NFP), euthanasia, and abortion and peace. All of these are logically covered and well-presented, but the reading can get a little ‘thick’ sometimes. Definitely a book that even an experienced activist will find challenging.

 

Michael Tooley. Abortion and Infanticide . Oxford University Press, Walton Street, Oxford, England OX2 6DP. 1983, 440 pages. A very detailed and deep examination of the more obtuse and exotic moral aspects of infanticide, abortion, and the many connections between the two. Recommended for those people who have been in the pro-life movement for some time and who want a really good look at the foundation of ethics and morals of the pro-life and anti-life philosophies.

 

Lori Van Winden. The Case Against Abortion . $4.95, 144 pages. Order from Liguori Publications, One Liguori Drive, Liguori, Missouri 63057-9999, telephone: (314) 464-2500. Reviewed in the National Right to Life News , January 22, 1989, page 19. Outlines in detail pro-life rebuttals to the twelve most popular pro-abortion slogans and shows how they are flawed in logic, scientific fact, and morality. Includes a pro-life primer on the basics of abortion: fetal development, abortion techniques, and their subsequent harmful physical and emotional effects.

 

Robert M. Veatch. A Theory of Medical Ethics . New York: Basic Books, 1981. 387 pages. Reviewed by Joseph M. Boyle, Jr., on page 19 of the January 6, 1983 issue of National Right to Life News . The author attempts to construct a parallel pro-life framework of medical ethics.

 

Lynn D. Wardle and Mary Anne Wood. A Lawyer Looks At Abortion . Brigham Young University Press, 1981. 209 pages, $7.95. Reviewed by Gorver Rees III on pages 9 and 11 of the June 10, 1982 issue of National Right to Life News . All aspects of the abortion controversy thoroughly and lucidly explained.

 

Fredric Wertham, M.D. A Sign for Cain: An Exploration of Human Violence . Macmillan Company, 866 Third Avenue, New York, New York 10022. 1973, 375 pages. Although it does not directly address abortion, this excellent book explores the roots, motivations, and expressions of human violence against other humans. Additionally, Dr. Wertham looks at the mechanics of violence in all of its forms. Abortion and euthanasia fit nicely into this picture.

 

K.D. Whitehead. Respectable Killing: The New Abortion Imperative . $7.95, 1972, 294 pages. Order from Catholics United for the Faith, 222 North Avenue, New Rochelle, New York 10801. Such is the abortion issue that the central arguments never change. This book examines the central themes of both sides in a readable manner.

 

Dr. and Mrs. John C. Willke. Abortion: Questions and Answers . 1990, 315 pages. This book costs about three dollars and can be obtained from most Right to Life chapters or from the Right to Life Educational Foundation or from the Hayes Publishing Company, 6304 Hamilton Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio 45224. Telephone: (513) 681-7559. It is a complete generally-circulated, well-documented compendium of abortion statistics and history ever written, and is an invaluable tool for debaters. It is also available in Spanish ( MANUAL Sobre el ABORTO ).

 

Ellen Wilson. An Even Dozen . New York: Human Life Press, 1982. 181 pages, $10.00. Reviewed by Nancy Koster on page 8 of the December 9, 1982 National Right to Life News . A series of lucid and informative essays on the primary issues of our time, including homosexuality, abortion, and the separation of Church and state. These essays by Wilson help to tie all of the anti-life movements together, a critical aspect of the struggle that all pro-life activists must understand.

 

Curt Young. The Least of These: What Everyone Should Know About Abortion . Chicago: Moody Press, 1984. 225 pages. A good basic primer on the history and origins of the pro-abortion movement, the philosophy of the pro-life movement, and methods of abortion, among other important topics.

 

=================================================================

 

CHAPTER 52. A BRIEF HISTORY OF ABORTION

 

“Things fall apart; the centre cannot hold; mere anarchy is loosed upon the world.

The blood-dimmed tide is loosed, and everywhere the ceremony of innocence is drowned.”

-- William Butler Yeates, “The Second Coming.”

 

Anti-Life Philosophy.

 

Throughout history, abortion has always been widely and generally available to women for various reasons. The anti-abortion movement is a relatively new phenomenon, having cropped up only since the mid-1800s in this country. The anti-choicers cause a lot of social tension and are out of place when compared to the context of social history in general. These people would have been more at home during the Inquisitions.

 

Introduction.

 

The pro-life/anti-life struggle, which seems to be in the news every day now, is not by any means a new phenomenon. The strategies, tactics, arguments, and parameters for both sides were set before the beginning of recorded history. Only the names and the places and the dates have changed.

 

Abortion in Earliest Recorded History.

 

There are very few documents on the topic of abortion available to us before the time of Christ. However, those that we can find invariably recognize that abortion is not only deadly for babies and women, but to entire societies as well.

 

In the 12th century before Christ, more than 3,000 years ago, Provision 53 of the Ancient Assyrian Code stated that any woman who procured an abortion should be impaled upon a stake and left as food for the carrion eaters, whether or not the abortion killed her.

 

Ancient methods of abortion and birth control -- and their impacts upon societies -- have been discussed for millennia. Aristotle, in his work Politics , said that “The proper thing to do is to limit the size of each family, and if children are then conceived in excess of the limit so fixed, to have miscarriage induced.”[1]

 

Plutarch remarked on the natural and inevitable results of such policies as he described the decline of Greek civilization in Volume 37 of his Pulibus ; “One remarks nowadays over all Greece such a low birth rate and in a general manner such depopulation that the towns are deserted and the fields lying fallow, although this country has not been ravaged by war or epidemic. The cause of this harm is evident. By avarice or by cowardice, the people, if they marry, will not bring up children that they ought to have. At most, they bring up one or two ... It is in this manner that the scourge, before it is noticed, has rapidly developed. The remedy is in ourselves, we have but to change our morals.”[2]

 

The theologian Minucius Felix, who lived in the second century before Christ, remarked that “It is among you that I see newly-begotten sons at times exposed to wild beasts and birds, or dispatched by the violent death of strangulation; and there are women who, by the use of medicinal potions, destroy the unborn life in their wombs, and murder the child before they bring it forth. These practices undoubtedly are derived from a custom established by your gods; Saturn, though he did not expose his sons, certainly devoured them.”[3]

 

Four hundred years later, another theologian, Tertullian, graphically described the already-advanced ‘art’ of dilation and evacuation (D&E); “Accordingly, among surgeon’s tools, there is a certain instrument, which is formed with a nicely-adjusted flexible frame for opening the uterus first of all, and keeping it open; it is further furnished with an annular blade, by means of which the limbs within the womb are dissected with anxious but unfaltering care; its last appendage being a blunted or covered hood, wherewith the entire foetus is extracted by a violent delivery. There is also a copper needle or spike, by which the actual death is managed in this furtive robbery of life: they give it, from its infanticide function, the name of enbruosphaktes, the slayer of the infant, which was of course alive ... life begins with conception, because we contend that the soul also begins from conception; life taking its commencement at the same moment and place that the soul does.”[4]

 

The majority of ancient medical texts gave information on abortion procedures that paralleled the above description and even contained detailed diagrams that could be used for teaching various types of abortion procedures.[1]

 

Abortion During the Classical Period.

 

History.

 

During the classical period, laws restricting abortion varied substantially. Greece permitted both the abortion and infanticide of imperfectly-formed children. Grecian standards regarding young children were quite loose; a child could be killed by exposure (leaving the infant outside to perish from the effects of the elements) merely if the father did not consider it handsome or beautiful enough, if the mother could convince the father that the child did not contribute to the best interests of the family, or if it did not measure up to the physical ‘styles’ of the time.

 

Plato (427-341 B.C.) and Aristotle (384-341 B.C.) were two of the earliest advocates of eugenics, and approved of the exposure of offspring for the good of society, a view mirrored by Margaret Sanger nearly 2,500 years later.

 

Hippocrates (460-382 B.C.) dissented from this view. He prohibited abortion in his Oath, which was taken verbatim by physicians until very recently, when the American Medical Association and others quietly and conveniently dropped his prohibition against the murder of the unborn child.

 

Now that this first step has been taken, euthanasiasts are inevitably pushing to have the entire oath discarded. German euthanasia doctor Julius Hackethal stated at a 1985 Hemlock Society conference; “Sorry my English is not good enough ... I am impotent, English-impotent ... I studied that [Hippocratic] oath exactly. The conclusion of my Hippocratic Oath study is: “A more bad physician’s oath doesn’t exist!” One sentence of the patient-hostile Hippocratic Oath is: “I will never give anyone a deadly poison, not even at their request, nor will I give them any advice as to a deadly poison.” But it doesn’t apply for the last 50 years. Today I judge such an oath to be an act of unmedical patient-hostility, an act of inhumanity” [emphasis in original].[5]

 

Hippocrates was born on the Greek island of Kos. He formulated an entirely new framework of theories of medicine, including stringent sanctions on abortion, all of which were contained in his Corpus Hippocraticum , a body of 70 treatises on science and medicine. Hippocrates practiced medicine in Athens and died after a long life in Larisa.

 

The complete original Oath of Hippocrates is shown in Figure 52-1.

 

FIGURE 52-1  THE ORIGINAL OATH OF HIPPOCRATES

I swear by Apollo, the physician, and Asclepias and Health and All-Heal and all the gods and goddesses that, according to my ability and judgment, I will keep this oath and stipulation:

To reckon him who taught me this are equally dear to me as my parents, to share my substance with him and relieve his necessities if required; to regard his offspring as on the same footing with my own brothers, and to teach them this art if they should wish to learn it, without fee or stipulation, and that by precept, lecture and every other mode of instruction, I will impart a knowledge of the art to my own sons and to those of my teachers, and to disciples bound by a stipulation and oath, according to the law of medicine, but to none others.

I will follow that method of treatment which, according to my ability and judgment, I consider for the benefit of my patients, and abstain from whatever is deleterious and mischievous.  I will give no deadly medicine to anyone if asked, nor suggest any such counsel; furthermore, I will not give to a woman an instrument to produce abortion.

With purity and with holiness I will pass my life and practice my art. I will not cut a person who is suffering from a stone, but will leave this to be done by practitioners of this work.  Into whatever houses I enter I will go into them for the benefit of the sick and will abstain from every voluntary act of mischief and corruption; and further from the seduction of females or males, bond or free.

Whatever, in connection with my professional practice, or not in connection with it, I may see or hear in the lives of men which ought not to be spoken abroad, I will not divulge, as reckoning that all such should be kept secret.

While I continue to keep this oath unviolated may it be granted to me to enjoy life and the practice of the art, respected by all men at all times but should I trespass and violate this oath, may the reverse be my lot.

 

 

Lessons From the Greeks and Romans.

 

The kingdoms of Greece and Rome obtained abortion on demand in precisely the same manner that the United States, Canada, and many other countries did; in ancient Greece and Rome, some women killed themselves with self-administered ‘herbal remedy’ abortifacients. The lawmakers and ancient pro-aborts exaggerated and decried these deaths and passed laws legalizing abortion for any reason up to birth -- and after.

 

Does any of this sound familiar?

 

Abortion and the Early Church.

 

Abortion was not mentioned at all during the first 80 years of the early Christian Church’s existence, because to Jesus and the first Christians, abortion obviously fell under the broad stricture “Thou shalt not kill.” However, by the end of the first century, the Church had declared abortion to be a serious sin. The first-century Didache declared that “You shall not kill an unborn child or murder a newborn infant.”

 

From this point until 1930, the entire Christian Church in all of its branches condemned abortion without compromise. Athenogoras of Athens, Tertullian, Minicius Felix, Clement of Alexandria, St. Augustine, St. Jerome, and St. Basil were just a few of the early Church fathers who clearly and ringingly condemned feticide. At times, various theologians speculated about the time of ensoulment of the fetus, but the actual lawmaking body of the Church remained firm in its condemnation of abortion. In fact, of the more than 8,000 saints formally recognized by the Catholic Church, not a single one has been ‘pro-choice.’

 

For further information on the stands of current-day churches on abortion, see Chapters 42, 43, and 44, “Church Positions on Abortion.”

 

Original Jewish law strictly banned abortion except in cases where the mother would die if she carried to term. Those Jewish sects that believe in the divine nature of the Torah still condemn abortion. Those ‘Jewish’ sects that have turned away from the original teachings of their faith are invariably pro-abortion (for more detailed information on the traditional Jewish position regarding abortion, see Chapter 44, “Jewish Faith Position on Abortion”).

 

The Common Law Tradition.

 

“The state calls its own violence ‘law,’ but that of the individual ‘crime.’”-- German author Max Stirner.[6]

 

British and American Tradition.

 

In general, American legal tradition has rather closely followed that of the English. England observed the laws of the Catholic Church until the 15th century. The Father of Common Law, Henry of Brackton (1216-1272), was the first person to mention abortion in the newly developing tradition of English Common Law. Brackton asserted that “If there is anyone who has struck a pregnant woman or has given [abortifacient] poison to her, whereby he has caused an abortion, if the fetus be already formed or animated, and especially if animated, he commits a homicide.”

 

In the 16th century, Sir Edward Coke, in his Institutes of the Law of England , modified Henry’s total injunction against abortion; “If a woman be quick with a child, and by a potion or otherwise killeth it in her womb, or if a man beat her, whereby the child dieth in her body and she is delivered of a dead child, this is a great misprision and no murder; but if the child be born alive and dieth of poison, battery, or other cause, this is murder.”

 

In other words, Coke considered the abortion of a child past quickening to be a felony offense, but did not mention the status of an offender who killed an unborn child before quickening. In 1765, Blackstone echoed Coke’s view in his Commentaries .

 

Heartbreak in France. It is fairly obvious that the pro/anti-abortion battle was raging in Europe even as early as the mid-18th century. A member of a French anti-abortion group, Jean Micheleau, had previously forced his lover to have an illegal abortion and then had repented of his crime.

 

In 1740, he wrote a wrenching pro-life poem to his dead preborn child that still rings true today;

 

“Upon My Dead Child” Jean Micheleau

“O Thou,

whose eyes were closed in Death’s pale night,

Ere fate revealed thee to my aching sight.

Embryo, imperfect as my tortured thought;

Sad outcast of existence and of naught;

Thou, who to guilty love first owest thy frame,

Whom guilty honour killed to hide its shame;

Dire offspring!

Formed by love’s too pleasing power!

Honour’s dire victim in luckless hour!

Soften the pangs that still revenge thy doom;

Nor from the dark abyss of nature’s womb,

When back I cast thee, let revolving time

Call up past scenes to aggravate my crime.

Two adverse tyrants ruled thy wayward fate,

Thyself a helpless victim in their hate;

Love, in spite of honour’s dictates,

gave thee breath;

Honour, in spite of love, pronounced thy death.”[1]

 

 

It is fascinating to note that a famous French novelist who lived at the same time as Jean Micheleau was the first European to propose that abortion be legalized.

 

This man’s novels were replete with several recurring themes, one of the strongest of which was the pleasure which certain disturbed individuals derive from killing both pregnant women and unborn children. In one of his novels, he describes with great relish the skewering of a pregnant woman with a red-hot iron rod driven through both her and her unborn baby.[7]

 

The novelist’s name? The Marquis de Sade.

 

Recent English Law.

 

The first modern English law written against abortion was the 1803 Miscarriage of Women Act , which banned the use of abortifacient drugs. An 1828 law strengthened the previous statute by banning the use of instruments to cause abortion. In 1861, a landmark English law outlawed all abortions for any reason whatsoever, and any abortion was regarded as a serious felony. This law remained on the books (though modified) for 107 years, until 1968. Its one major modification was the 1929 Infant Life Preservation Act, which permitted abortions only to save the life of the mother.

 

England began its plunge down the slippery slope in 1938 with the use of a predictable (and totally fabricated) “hard case,” the tactic used all over the world to obtain abortion on demand for any reason. Professional pro-abortionists alleged that a 14-year old girl was lured into a stable to see a horse with a wooden leg (no kidding) and was supposedly gang-raped by four guardsmen. She became pregnant, and went to a crusading pro-abortion ‘doctor’ (Alec Bourne), who gave her a free abortion. He then turned himself in. In the resulting case of law, Rex v. Bourne , Judge Alex McNaghten decided that delivery of the baby would impair the girl’s mental health, and acquitted the abortionist.

 

Naturally, the guardsmen were never called into court to answer to the charge of rape -- and for good reason. The incident never happened. It is curious indeed that virtually the same fabricated gang-rape story was used by a plaintiff to obtain abortion in demand in the United States thought the Roe v. Wade case.

 

Apparently there are historians among the pro-abortionists.

 

This was just the beginning. The Bourne case galvanized the abortion pushers. In 1948, an English court ruled that a doctor could decide for himself whether an abortion was necessary, and this was the practical beginning of abortion on demand in England. Soon, the names of ‘doctors’ who considered all abortions ‘necessary’ were widely circulated, and England’s abortion rate more than tripled in a single year. In 1958, the Court, seeing that abortion on demand was a reality, decided that mental health was a valid reason for abortions.

 

Finally, Parliament in 1967 passed the Abortion Act of 1967 , which permitted abortion for eugenics or the mental or physical health of the mother, which of course, in practice, meant abortion for any reason at all.

 

Today, a person cannot enter the field of obstetrics-gynecology in the United Kingdom unless he signs a binding statement that he is pro-abortion. Hospitals hold competitions to see who can perform the most abortions, and tables are published to embarrass those hospitals with low abortion rates.

 

The British National Health Service does not allow gynecologists to refuse to perform abortions, and conscience clauses are unheard of under the socialized medical system. One doctor was advised that “There is no room for Catholics in this part of the National Health Service.”[8]

 

The History of Abortion in the United States.

 

An Honorable Tradition.

 

The organized American pro-life movement in America has a very long and honorable history. It is more than a century older than the Republic -- at least 350 years old.

 

Library of Congress archives show that Captain John Smith, who was befriended by the Indian chief Pocahontas, heard evidence against abortionist Dorcas Howard in 1629.[9]

 

Benjamin Wadsworth, future president of Harvard College, condemned abortion as “Murder in God’s account” in 1712. Primarily due to the activities of organized pro-life groups, New York City passed a law against midwives performing abortions in 1716.

 

Between the end of the Civil War and the turn of the century, leading pro-life organizations included the Women’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU), the Society for the Suppression of Vice, the YMCA and YWCA, the Florence Crittenden Society, and the Salvation Army (the latter three groups are now pro-abortion).

 

Before 1900, the slogan “Adoption, Not Abortion” was even more popular that it is today. There existed literally hundreds of Crisis Pregnancy Centers and shepherding homes for unwed mothers, some with room for more than 1,000 to live at one time. Their names were legion: Some of the largest chains of sheltering homes and CPCs included the Homes of Mercy, Door of Hope, the Life and Hope Missions, the Rescue Missions, Beulah House, the Jewish Home for Girls, the Home for the Friendless, Bethany Home, the Norwegian Home of Shelter, the National League on Urban Conditions Among Negroes, the Association for Befriending Children and Young Girls, the New Shelter for Young Women, the Magdalene Benevolence Society, the House of Mercy, the House of the Good Shepherd, and Boynton Refuge Home.[9]

 

And, of course, the mainline Protestant Churches condemned abortion with one voice, as described in Chapter 42, “Church Positions on Abortion.”

 

Early Abortion History.

 

Pro-abortion people invariably assert that the United States has not always had laws banning abortion, and therefore it should remain legal. This is an obviously disingenuous argument for two primary reasons.

 

Just because an act was once legal does not mean that it should always remain legal. This is a poor man’s version of stare decisis . Under this logic, slavery should be legalized again because it was once the law of the land, and women should once again be banned from voting.

 

Secondly, laws proscribing abortion in the middle 1800s were a reaction to a growing problem. Abortion was not perceived as a problem until the 1850s, because at that time, increasingly overt publicity by quack abortionists began to raise awareness on the part of real doctors.

 

Involvement of the AMA.

 

Early law generally drew an artificial line at “quickening,” not because abortion prior to quickening was tolerated, but because a reliable pregnancy test had not yet been developed. There was no legal or medical way to prove with certainty that a woman was pregnant --indeed, the woman herself could not know with certainty until quickening, because the generally poor diet of the people often led to extremely irregular menstrual periods.

 

By the end of the 19th century, pro-abortionists were already agitating for baby-killing. One of the first arguments they used was that life began at quickening, and abortion should therefore be allowed before this point.

 

This argument was decisively rejected by the American Medical Association (AMA). Dr. Isaac Quimby wrote in an 1887 issue of the American Medical Association Journal that “This fallacious idea that there is no life until quickening takes place, has been the foundation of, and formed the basis of, and been the excuse to ease or appease the guilty conscience which had led to the destruction of thousands of human lives [through abortion].”[10]

 

In 1859, the Committee on Criminal Abortion of the American Medical Association unanimously adopted the following resolution; “[The American Medical Association] condemns the procuring of abortion, at every period of gestation, except as necessary for preserving the life of either mother or child and requests the zealous cooperation of the various state medical societies in pressing this subject upon the legislatures of the respective states.”[11]

 

Physicians recognized the haunting signs of post-abortion syndrome as early as 1870, and this was one reason that the AMA continued to vigorously oppose abortion. One doctor noted the pervasive and lingering psychological impacts of abortion as he wrote that “We cannot recall to mind an individual [woman] who has been guilty of this [abortion] crime (for it must be called a crime under every aspect), who has not suffered for many years afterward in consequence. And when health is finally restored, the freshness of life had gone, the vigor of mind and energy of body have forever departed.”[12]

 

Between 1859 and 1875, 15 states (California, Florida, Hawaii, Idaho, Kansas, Louisiana, Maryland, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, Texas, Washington, and Wyoming) enacted laws that conformed to the above resolution.[13]

 

By 1875, every state had either adopted new statutes conforming to the 1859 AMA resolutions, or had merely amended existing anti-abortion laws. This meant that, by 1875, every state had laws on the books banning abortion.

 

In the late 1800s, the women’s suffrage movement and other feminist concerns were just beginning to exert a national influence. This is significant, because even a century ago, abortion was recognized as a great advance in men’s rights, not women’s rights. It was the woman who got pregnant and who had to suffer through the abortion; she was caught between society’s disapproval and her own conscience. As early feminist Matilda George so rightly put it, “This crime of ‘child murder,’ abortion, lies at the door of the male sex.”[13] As described in Chapter 129 in Volume III on “Neofeminism,” the early suffragettes were almost unanimously pro-life.

 

Interestingly, a cadre of thousands of professional women, called the “new abolitionists,” sought to ban both abortion and contraception beginning in about 1860. These women, including E. Blackwell, A.B. Blackwell, and Frances Willard, associated free sex with the selfish impulses of men who lacked both self-control and respect for women. The “new abolitionists” believed that a single standard of morality should apply to both men and women.[14]

 

Curiously (but not surprisingly), some of the strongest advocates of legal abortion then and now are men. This is natural -- pro-abortion men want to be able to sexually exploit women without consequences, and abortion serves admirably to remove the ‘consequences’ of conception -- the preborn child. Abortion has become our country’s great social eraser. It is no accident that the greatest champions of abortion in both major parties in the Senate -- Ted Kennedy and Bob Packwood -- have been in constant trouble for abusing women.

 

As a sidelight, the Nazis strongly encouraged abortion among “non- Aryan” women before and during World War II. Adolf Hitler’s July 22, 1941 restrictive population control policy stated that “When girls and women in the Occupied Territories of the East have abortions, we can only be in favor of it; in any case we should not oppose it. The Fuhrer believes that we should authorize the development of a thriving trade in contraceptives. We are not interested in seeing the non-German population multiply.”[14]

 

The German abortion program is described in detail in Chapter 53, “The Holocaust Analogy to Abortion.”

 

Following the atrocities of World War II in 1948 and 1949, the World Medical Association (of which the AMA was a member), adopted the Declaration of Geneva and the International Code of Medical Ethics which stated “I will maintain the utmost respect for human life, from the time of conception; even under threat, I will not use my medical knowledge contrary to the laws of humanity ... A doctor must always bear in mind the importance of preserving human life from the time of conception until death.”[15]

 

Pre-Roe v. Wade.

 

The beginning of the modern abortion-rights movement is generally considered to be 1959, when the American Law Institute (ALI) published proposed revisions to existing abortion laws. At the time that this ‘Model Penal Code’ was proposed, abortion was illegal in every state, except in most cases to save the life of the mother.[16]

 

The Model Penal Code urged that abortion be performed in licensed hospitals when indicated to preserve the mental or physical health of the mother or when the pregnancy was the result of incest or rape. This type of legislation would obviously lead to a situation essentially equivalent to abortion on demand.

 

During the 1960s, the pro-abortion movement constructed its framework of strategies and slogans. These were heady times for revolutionaries and anti-lifers of every stripe, and the modern American eugenics/euthanasia movement also received its initial impetus at this time.

 

The first influential “thinker” to liken “forced childbearing” to rape was eugenicist Garrett Hardin. He also argued for the absolute right to abort for any reason through all nine months of pregnancy.[17]

 

Also during this time, the pro-abortionists began their serious drive to take over all three branches of the federal government. On January 29, 1970, National Organization for Women president Betty Friedan and Rep. Patsy Mink (D., Hawaii), testified against United States Supreme Court nominee Harrold G. Carswell at Senate hearings on the grounds that he was “insensitive” to “women’s rights” (i.e., abortion).

 

So Robert Bork was certainly not the first Supreme Court nominee to get ‘the treatment’ at the hands of hateful Neofeminists.

 

Sherri Finkbine and Rich Folk’s Abortions. After the “progressive” ALI abortion laws had been proposed, pro-abortionists needed a test case to support their arguments. Sherri Finkbine’s situation was ideal for their purposes. The abortion issue was first defined for many Americans by the intense publicity surrounding this case.

 

Finkbine, the mother of four, hosted the “Romper Room” television series in Scottsdale, Arizona in the early 1960s. Her stage name was ‘Miss Sherri.’

 

Her husband brought her some samples of the tranquilizer thalidomide, and she then heard about the fact that many pregnant women who had taken the drug had given birth to babies with missing limbs. At about the same time, she found out that she was pregnant.

 

She began to fear that her preborn baby would be deformed, and made her situation public. Local courts upheld State anti-abortion laws and said that she could not have the abortion done in a Scottsdale hospital.

 

So she traveled to Stockholm to have her baby exterminated.

 

Finkbine has been a pro-abortion crusader ever since, saying in 1992 that “This [question of abortion] shouldn’t be an issue in the political arena. When a woman has to make this kind of decision, she should see her doctor, not her lawyer.”

 

The thought of possibly having a “deformed child” obviously revolted Finkbine. She stated that she did not want a child who “... sits in the park and has people give him peanuts and things. Had it not been for the abortion, I would have taken care of the four children I had, and the head and torso [referring to her baby].”[16]

 

Despite projecting a motherly, caring image to thousands of people on “Romper Room,” Finkbine, by her actions, essentially told the public that she could really only relate to perfectly healthy White babies. Any child with any kind of handicap should not come near her, as evidenced by her callous labeling of a handicapped child as a “head and torso.”[16]

 

Her claim that her preborn baby was deformed was naturally never verified.

 

The Finkbine case, and the rubella epidemic of 1964 and 1965, inflamed the public with the fear of a flood of deformed babies and helped originate the now-tired (but still effective) pro-abortion argument that only the rich will be able to afford abortions if the procedure becomes illegal.

 

Just how valuable Finkbine’s help had been to the pro-abortion movement was revealed a quarter-century after the death of her preborn baby when Sarah Weddington, lead plaintiff’s attorney in Roe v. Wade , told her that “It’s a privilege to meet you. If it hadn’t been for you, my job ten years later would have been much more difficult.”[18]

 

Beginning of the End.

 

Eight years after the American Law Institute’s ‘model’ abortion law was released, Colorado became the first state to liberalize its statutes, allowing abortion only for the mother’s life and rape and incest. Governor Richard Lamm, who pushed the bill relentlessly, considered it a failure because he would not settle for anything less than abortion on demand (incidentally, Lamm was the same person who gave his famous pro-euthanasia “duty to die” speech in 1986).

 

During the next five years, the abortion-rights movement was on a roll, and by the end 1970 a total of 14 states had liberalized their abortion laws, as shown below;

 

·      1967 -- Colorado, California, and North Carolina

 

·      1968 -- Georgia and Maryland

 

·      1969 -- Arkansas, Delaware, Kansas, New Mexico, and Oregon

 

·      1970 -- Hawaii, Alaska, New York, and Washington.

 

When it seemed to abortion supporters that no more states would pass looser abortion laws, they tried twice to legalize baby-killing through the referendum route in 1972. They were thrashed at the polls both times. In North Dakota, they lost by a 79% to 21% margin, and in Michigan, they lost 62% to 38%. After this blow, the pro-aborts became uncontrollably angry, and their hate and bigotry showed clearly.

 

For example, Anne Nicol Gaylor, in her incredibly-named book Abortion is a Blessing , whined that “Antiabortionists love to refer to the 1972 Michigan referendum, in which a proposition to legalize abortion was defeated 61-39 per cent, but that particular referendum probably only proves that the Catholic Church has a lot of money ... The Catholic Church used its tax-exempt machinery openly for the political purpose of helping defeat a referendum, and of course it won. Tyranny is always better organized than freedom.”[19]

 

Naturally, Gaylor didn’t mention that the pro-abortion forces spent twice as much money than the pro-lifers during the campaign -- and that many Neoliberal churches fought hard for the pro-abortion referendum.

 

Apparently, it all depends on whose “tax-exempt machinery” you’re talking about.

 

At this point, the abortion pushers realized that they could not make progress in any further states. The people were obviously against abortion, and no more state legislatures appeared ready to liberalize their laws. In fact, many of the states whose legislatures had already liberalized their laws conducted polls that showed the people to be heavily against such actions; some states were even on the verge of re- criminalizing abortion.

 

The Instantaneous Turning Point.

 

Then came Roe v. Wade . In a single day, seven old men usurped the power of the states and imposed their will on all of society. Bella Abzug and the National Organization for Women weren’t satisfied, however; they stated that they wanted abortion enshrined permanently in the Constitution (via the Equal Rights Amendment) right up to birth, and that they wanted all abortions to be paid for by the taxpayer, at a total cost of more than one billion dollars per year.

 

Make no mistake: As drastic as Roe v. Wade is, it is still not enough for the Neofeminists, as evidenced by the Draconian Freedom of Choice Act, which would eliminate even the most trivial restrictions on abortion, such as informed consent, conscience clauses, any level of parental involvement, and 24-hour waiting periods. A recent Ms . Magazine article asserted that “Even with a right to abortion, women cannot have full liberty and equality without the social conditions that assure that their reproductive and sexual decisions reflect genuine and joyful choices rather than reluctant necessities or painful compromises. Roe v. Wade, therefore, does not represent the final realization of the goal of reproductive freedom, but rather a crucial step along the way.”[20]

 

Recent History.

 

Since Roe , the abortion debate has been simmering on the front burner. Pro-abortion groups admitted to becoming complacent when they wrongly perceived that they had won the final victory in 1973. Pro-lifers were caught off-guard and remained in a state of stunned disbelief for several years.

 

However, the pro-life forces began to marshal their strength in the legislative arena by 1975 and in the streets a decade later. One after the other, 37 states cut off free abortion funding. The Hyde Amendment cut off Federal abortion funding for more than 99 percent of the original 275,000 free abortions. Crisis pregnancy centers proliferated. Then, in 1987, Operation Rescue hit the streets, and the battle was truly joined.

 

In the face of this organized and implacable opposition, the pro- abortion forces could do only one thing: Fall back upon the old, tired rhetoric and lies from twenty years ago. There is absolutely nothing original in their approach. They are totally sterile in imagination. The only advantages they have are a seemingly limitless reservoir of money to draw on, and the willing cooperation of the heavily anti-life media.

 

Current and typical pro-abortion propaganda emphasizes only the ‘hard cases’ and nothing else. Planned Parenthood’s 30-minute video “Personal Decisions” is a case in point. It stresses that abortion must remain legal, or social anarchy will result. Its ‘typical cases’ for abortion are a rape victim, a 16-year old schoolgirl, a woman with a deformed baby, a first-year medical student who was the ‘victim’ of failed birth control, an abused single woman, and the obligatory destitute Catholic girl (the last case is mandatory in these propaganda pieces to ‘show’ that Catholics get abortions too -- you never hear of a nice Jewish or Protestant girl getting an abortion, of course)!

 

Recent Church Positions Regarding Abortion.

 

The major Protestant denominations also banned abortion until the middle of the twentieth century, when some of them relaxed their stands. For information on the current positions of 160 churches with members in the United States, see Chapter 42, “Church Positions on Abortion.” The history of the Catholic Church’s opposition to abortion is described in detail in Chapter 43, “Catholic Church Position on Abortion.”

 

Currently in the United States, churches comprising 82 percent of all persons who attend church are pro-life (banning abortion completely or allowing it just for the life of the mother). Those churches that represent a mere 18 percent of the population are ‘pro-choice,’ and many of these are currently reevaluating their positions on abortion.

 

Necessary Pro-Life Involvement for Victory.

 

Any pro-life (or pro-abortion) victory in this battle will, of necessity, be only temporary. The pro-aborts are correct when they say that there will always be abortion. There will always be selfish women who put their personal convenience above the very life of someone else.

 

By the same token, there will always be a pro-life movement because there will always be people ready to defend the most helpless of human beings. However, the pro-life movement will be able to overpower the anti- life forces if and only if all life-loving persons get involved!

 

For further information on what YOU can do to save lives, see Chapters 25 through 28 in Volume I on “Pro-Life Strategy.”

 

==========================================

 

[1] Poem is provided in Moses Moissedes. “Contribution a L’Etude de L’Avortement dans L’Antiquite Crecque.” Janus , 26, 1922.

 

[2] Plutarch, remarking on the decline of Greek civilization. Pulibus (Volume 37), page 221. Also quoted in Colonel Robert de Marcellos. “Fertility and National Power.” The Human Life Review , Winter 1981, pages 34 to 51.

 

[3] Minucius Felix, theologian (c. 200-225), Octavius , page 30.

 

[4] Tertullian, theologian (150-225), Treatise on the Soul , pages 25 and 27.

 

[5] From the transcript of a speech by Dr. Julius Hackethal entitled “Medical Help By Suicide -- As a Method of Voluntary Euthanasia,” presented at the Second National Voluntary Euthanasia Conference of the Hemlock Society on February 9th, 1985, in Los Angeles, California.

 

[6] German author Max Stirner, quoted in Jonathon Green. The Cynic’s Lexicon . New York: St. Martin’s Press. 1984, 220 pages, $18.95.

 

[7] Dr. Kenneth M. Mitzner. “The Abortion Culture.” Triumph , March 1973, pages 20 to 24.

 

[8] “The New Scandal: Doctor on the Dole.” London Daily Express , January 12, 1973.

 

[9] Marvin Olasky. “Victorian Secret: Pro-Life Victories in 19th-Century America.” Policy Review , Spring 1992, pages 30 to 37. A fascinating view of pro-life activities in the ‘early days’ of abortion. Many or most pro-life activists will not agree with the author’s plea for a ‘containment’ strategy instead of an ‘abolitionist’ approach.

 

[10] Raymond Tatalovich and Byron Daynes. The Politics of Abortion: An Overview of U.S. Abortion Policy . 1981, page 21.

 

[11] Horatio Storer. Criminal Abortion in America . Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1860. Pages 99 and 100.

 

[12] Sheila M. Rothman. Women’s Proper Place: A History of Changing Ideas and Practices -- 1870 to the Present . 1978, page 89.

 

[13] James C. Mohr. Abortion in America: The Origins and Evolution of National Policy, 1800-1900 . New York: Oxford Press, 1978, pages 113 and 200.

 

[14] Leon Poliakov. Harvest of Hate . Syracuse, New York, 1954, pages 272 to 274. Also see Alexander Dallin. German Rule in Russia, 1941 to 1945 . London: Winchester Books, 1957, page 457.

 

[15] World Medical Association Bulletin April 1949, page 22 and January 1950, pages 6 to 34. Also see Dr. Leo Alexander’s classic article “Medical Science Under Dictatorship.” The New England Journal of Medicine , July 14, 1949.

 

[16] Keith J. Grady. “The Value of Life: Thornburgh v. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologist, 106 S.Ct. 2169(1986).” Hamline Law Review , Fall 1987, pages 623 to 662. Also see Dennis McDougal, Los Angeles Times-Washington Post Service. “Emotionally Charged Abortion Issue Told in ‘Sherri.’” TV Click, The Sunday Oregonian , February 9, 1992, page 26.

 

[17] Garrett Hardin. “Abortion -- Or Compulsory Pregnancy?” Journal of Marriage and the Family , May 1968.

 

[18] Conversation between Sarah Weddington and Sherri Finkbine, Quoted in Patricia Myers. “Shades of Gray.” Phoenix Magazine, October 1989, pages 40 to 45.

 

[19] Anne Nicol Gaylor. Abortion is a Blessing . New York, New York: Psychological Dimensions, Inc. 1975, 124 pages, page 48.

 

[20] Ms . Magazine “Special Report,” April 1989, page 92.

 

==========================================

 

Further Reading: The History of Abortion.

 

Dave Andrusko (editor). A Passion for Justice . National Right to Life Committee, 419 7th Street NW, Suite 500, Washington, DC 20004. 1988, 160 pages, $2.95. This is one of an excellent continuing series of National Right to Life Committee books that summarize the preceding year in the courts and legislatures, and looks ahead to future years.

 

Ruth Barnett. They Weep on My Doorstep . Halo Publishers, Portland, Oregon. May be ordered from Post Office Box 1383, Silver Springs, Florida 32688-1383. 223 pages, $7.45. This is a fascinating account of a naturopath who committed illegal abortions in Portland, Oregon, with the full knowledge of the authorities, for more than 40 years. This book tells the real story of what illegal abortions were like before Roe v. Wade : Barnett describes how immaculate her clinic was, how few complications she had (no deaths in 40,000 abortions), how phony the “back-alley” abortion stories are, and how she accumulated millions of dollars and lives a lavish lifestyle. This book is a “must-read” for any pro-life activist who wants the real scoop on the days of illegal abortions, and not some weepy propaganda piece by fictionalized “brutalized” women.

 

Birth Control Review . DeCapo Press, a division of Plenum Press, 227 West 17th Street, New York, New York 10011. Telephone numbers: 1-(800) 321-0050, (212) 620-8000, and (212) 620-8495. Yes, it still exists, although Planned Parenthood fervently wishes it didn’t; DeCapo Press still publishes the complete set of Margaret Sanger’s Birth Control Review . This is the ultimate resource for settling arguments about what Sanger did and did not say and do. Each of the ten books is $75.00, or the complete set is $695.00. Volumes 1 and 2: 1917 and 1918. Volume 3: 1919. Volumes 4 and 5: 1920 and 1921. Volumes 6 and 7: 1922 and 1923. Volumes 8 and 9: 1924 and 1925. Volumes 10 and 11: 1926 and 1927. Volumes 12 and 13: 1928 and 1929. Volumes 14 and 15: 1930 and 1931. Volumes 16 and 17: 1932 to September of 1933. Volumes 16 through 24: October 1933 to January 1940.

 

Mario A. Castello, M.D. A Carnation a Day: A Pro-Life Doctor’s Story . Dorrance & Company, Philadelphia. 1977, 113 pages. A doctor who has seen many horrors in his time describes how he became a physician and how his experiences have helped him solidify his position that all human life is sacred. He also describes how his voice has become lost in the mad rush by the ‘new’ medical profession to kill, kill, kill.

 

Rebecca Chalker and Carol Downer. A Woman’s Book of Choices: Abortion, Menstrual Extraction, RU-486 . New York: Four Walls Eight Windows Press. 1992. It is an ominous sign of the times that illegal abortion manuals were printed by the Neofeminists 25 years ago in secrecy and passed hand to hand, and now they are sold in mainline bookstores and sit innocently on library shelves. This book was written by the Neofeminists in anticipation of tougher days, and is a totally unselfconscious description and endorsement of all of the ‘self-help’ methods of abortion.

 

Celeste Michelle Condit. Decoding Abortion Rhetoric: Communicating Social Change. University of Illinois Press, Chicago. 1990, 233 pages. The author, while blithely ignoring the central arguments of the abortion debate, nevertheless provides an interesting sketch of how the main arguments used by both sides have helped to shape public policy, and how these arguments have changed as the battle has changed character.

 

Daughters of St. Paul. Yes to Life . Order from Daughters of St. Paul, 50 St. Paul’s Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts, 02130. 328 pages, 1976, $12.95. May also be ordered from Life Issues Bookshelf, Sun Life, Thaxton, Virginia 24174, telephone: (703) 586-4898. This is an outstanding sourcebook that summarizes the teachings of the Catholic Church regarding abortion from the first century to 1975. The book quotes the writings of the early church fathers in the first through fifth centuries and the teachings of five recent Popes, in addition to the documents issued by the Sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. The Bishops of nineteen countries speak out eloquently and forcefully against abortion in this book. This book will be the ultimate debate weapon for any pro-life activist confronting any member of ‘Catholics’ for a Free Choice or any other pro-abort who believes that there is ‘room for disagreement’ within the Catholic Church about abortion.

 

Eugene F. Diamond, M.D. This Curette for Hire . $3.95. Published by the ACTA Foundation, 4848 North Clark Street, Chicago, Illinois 60640. 1977, 141 pages. Order from: Life Issues Bookshelf, Sun Life, Thaxton, Virginia 24174, telephone: (703) 586-4898. The author discusses the deterioration of medical ethics and the critical role of the doctor in all anti-life activities: Abortion, fetal experimentation, sterilization, euthanasia, infanticide, sex therapy, abortifacients, and more.

 

Nardi Enzo. Procurato Aborto nel Mondo Greco Romano . Milan, Italy: Giuffre, 1971. The most complete known work on the history and methodology of abortion in the ancient world.

 

Marian Faux. Roe v. Wade: The Untold Story of the Landmark Supreme Court Decision That Made Abortion Legal . New York: Macmillan, 1988. 330 pages, $22.50. Reviewed by Maggie Gallagher on page 45 of the July 22, 1988 issue of National Review . This book is interesting primarily because it is so profoundly trivial in nature when compared to those written on the same subject by Judge Noonan, Dr. Nathanson, Judge Hekman, and many others. The author purports to ‘examine’ the infamous Roe v. Wade decision from the pro-abort’s viewpoint. However, since the decision and the pro-abort view are both insupportable, most of the book addresses not the decision or its underpinnings, but instead parrots tired slogans ‘justifying’ abortion and trivia about the day-to-day life of the plaintiffs (i.e., one of the pro-abort lawyers was very vain about her hair). It also repeats all of the old slander about pro-lifers and adds some new pro-abort slogans (example: pregnancy is an ‘injury’ to all women). Interestingly, the author’s name is French for “false.”

 

Colin Francome. Abortion Freedom: A Worldwide Movement . London: George Allen & Unwin. 1984, 241 pages. Although written from the pro- abortion viewpoint, this book contains much valuable information regarding the basic philosophy and strategy of the worldwide pro-abortion movement.

 

Thomas A. Glessner. Achieving an Abortion-Free American By 2001 . Portland, Oregon: Multnomah Press, 1990, 281 pages. The director of the Christian Action Council traces the history of the destruction of protection for the unborn in this country and outlines a political and legislative strategy for rebuilding it. The book has good emphasis on attacking and defunding Planned Parenthood. Appendix D is Marvin Olasky’s very useful analysis of the abortophile public relations campaign against crisis pregnancy centers.

 

Michael J. Gorman. Abortion & the Early Church: Christian, Jewish & Pagan Attitudes in the Greco-Roman World. InterVarsity Press, Downers Grove, Illinois, 60515. 1982, 124 pages. This book emphasizes the positions of early religions towards abortion and infanticide and covers the relevance of such teachings today. A good resource for those who want to refute the claim that the Catholic Church has not always opposed abortion.

 

George Grant. Third Time Around: A History of the Pro-Life Movement From the First Century to the Present . Wolgemuth & Hyatt Publishers, 1749 Mallory Lane, Suite 110, Brentwood, Tennessee 37027. 1991, 225 pages. The author covers numerous topics, including the mission and activities of early Christians in combatting abortion and infanticide; the history and activities of the pro-life movement during the Renaissance; and the resurgence of pro-life activism in the late 20th Century.

 

Germaine Greer. Sex & Destiny: The Politics of Human Fertility . Harper & Row Publishers, 10 East 53rd Street, New York, New York 10022. 1984, 550 pages. Greer faced head-on the most deep and avoided questions relevant to Western society and fertility: Is our obsession with world overpopulation causing us to reject our own fertility? Why do we reject the few children we have so that they will inevitably reject us in our old age? Greer examines chastity, attitudes towards fertility, sterility, and childbirth; abortion and euthanasia; and the histories of the birth-control and eugenics movements.

 

Father Robert J. Henle, S.J. “A Historical View of the Right to Life.” The Catholic League Newsletter , July 1981. This four-page reprint rebuts the lie-packed 1981 National Organization for Women publication entitled “An Abbreviated Chronology of Reproductive Rights, 2600 B.C. to the Present.” In addition to correcting all of NOW’s deliberate falsehoods and anti-Catholic slander, Father Henle shows that those ancient societies that practiced cannibalism, slavery, oppression of women, perpetual warfare, and had a great number of superstitions generally had very permissive abortion and infanticide laws. Those societies that had what anthropologists call the “high religions” and a high degree of civilization had a general consensus against abortion. For example, the ancient Vedic writings of India condemned abortion from 1500 to 500 B.C. Buddhism as far back as 600 B.C. totally condemned abortion. And, since 622 A.D., Islam has condemned abortion.

 

Lawrence Lader. Abortion II, Making the Revolution . Boston: Beacon Press, 1973. The definitive work on early (1960-1970) pro-abortion strategy by the king of the abortion propagandists. Lader was a close friend of the ‘leading lights’ of the early pro-abortion movement, including Betty Friedan, Margaret Sanger, and Dr. Bernard Nathanson. Pages 36 to 40 describe the early history of the Equal Rights Amendment.

 

Kristin Luker. Abortion & the Politics of Motherhood . Los Angeles: University of California Press. 1984, 320 pages, $14.95. The author examines the history of the California ‘experience’ with liberalized abortion law and shows how a political cause became a moral crusade for pro-abortionists. She also interviewed more than 200 pro-abort and pro-life activists and uses the results to draw conclusions about their beliefs as affected by their environments. Although the author writes from a pro-abortion standpoint (i.e., she thinks that adoption is bunk), and despite the fact that much of her bias shows, she brings up some very interesting and worthwhile points for those interested in the psychology of the activists on both sides of the abortion battle.

 

Bernard M. Nathanson, M.D. The Abortion Papers: Inside the Abortion Mentality . Idea Books, Post Office Box 4010, Madison, Wisconsin 53711. 1985, 192 pages, $9.95. Reviewed by Nancy Koster on page 6 of the November 24, 1983 issue of National Right to Life News . A former prolific abortionist exposes the anti-Catholic bigotry of the pro-abortion movement, discusses the role of the blatantly biased media in obtaining abortion on demand, and explores what the science of fetology has revealed about the unborn child. This enjoyable book is written in George Will’s wry and acerbic style. Dr. Nathanson is one of the co-founders of the National Abortion Rights Action League (NARAL). Chapter 3, “Catholics,” pages 177 to 209, describes in detail how NARAL used blatant anti-Catholic bigotry to push liberalized abortion laws and undermine the teachings of the Church. Other examples of NARAL skulduggery abound in this book. For example, NARAL asserted to the state of Massachusetts that pro-life groups have no right to endorse pro-life candidates, even if the groups are not tax- exempt. In the ensuing lawsuit, FEC v. Massachusetts Citizens for Life, Inc. , the right to distribute such literature was upheld. This is typical of the harassment lawsuits brought by NARAL and others when any pro-life efforts are in progress. Pro-aborts almost never spend money themselves, but get a government entity to go after pro-life activists. Also see Chapter 1, “Abortion and the Media,” pages 7 to 109, and Chapter 2, “Fetology for Pro-Life,” pages 111 to 175. Chapter 2 consists of a detailed and interesting history of fetology in the United States.

 

Marvin Olasky. Abortion Rites: A Social History of Abortion in America . Crossway Books, Wheaton, Illinois 60187. 1992, 318 pages. Reviewed by George Grant in the December 1992 issue of the Life Advocate . An emphasis on the 19th-century pro-life movement and a recommendation that we “stigmatize and contain” the horror of abortion today instead of trying to absolutely eliminate the killing of preborn children.

 

Roger Rosenblatt. Life Itself: Abortion in the American Mind . New York: Random House. 1992, 195 pages, $20.00. The author approaches the killing of 5,000 babies every day by insisting that we should “learn to live with conflicted feelings on abortion.” He describes the history of abortion and compares how other societies have dealt with it. The entire book is an appeal to the ‘middle ground’ in this issue and the author seems to be contemptuous of the ‘extremists’ on both sides and believes that they should be disenfranchised. This, of course, would not hurt the pro-aborts one bit, because they already have what they want. Rosenblatt describes our society as it will inevitably become unless pro-lifers can make an impression: Comfortable with any kind of Holocaust.

 

Curt Young. The Least of These: What Everyone Should Know About Abortion . Chicago: Moody Press, 1984. 225 pages. A good basic primer on the history and origins of the pro-abortion movement, the philosophy of the pro-life movement, and methods of abortion, among other important topics.

 

=================================================================

 

CHAPTER 57. ABORTION: WORLDWIDE WAR ON THE INNOCENTS

 

“Every child has the inherent right to life.”-- Article 6 of the 1989 United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child.[1]

 

Anti-Life Philosophy.

 

Women all over the world are struggling to rid themselves of the burden of unwanted children so that they can escape the endless cycle of poverty brought on by misogynist, backwards social attitudes.

 

In order to accomplish this goal, safe, legal abortion and free or cheap contraception must be made available to all the world’s women -- especially those in developing countries.

 

Introduction.

 

“No nation wanting to reduce its growth ... can expect to do so without the widespread use of abortion.”-- Stephen D. Mumford and Elton Kessel.[2]

 

Many pro-life activists who are familiar with the situation in the United States believe that the human race has reached the bottom of the “slippery slope,” and that our respect for human life could not possibly slip any further.

 

Unfortunately, nothing could be further from the truth.

 

The United States suffers far too many abortions, even by pro-abortion standards -- but still accounts for only about three percent of the world’s annual 55 million abortions![3]

 

Incredibly, abortion has claimed the lives of more than one billion unborn children throughout the world over the last 25 years, as shown in Figure 57-1. The magnitude of the loss of human resources and talent to this hideous slaughter is truly incomprehensible.

 

FIGURE 57-1 ANNUAL WORLD LEGAL ABORTIONS, 1969-1990

 

Graph: IN THE LAST QUARTER CENTURY, THE WORLD’S ABORTION ADDICTION HAS KILLED ONE BILLION UNBORN CHILDREN!

 

 

 

Bad as things seem, we in the United States have only just begun the long slide down the slippery slope. Other nations seem to have taken up permanent residence at its foot. We have only to look to these countries to see our own inevitable destination. If we are to save ourselves and our nation -- indeed, if we are to rescue even the last vestiges of our very humanity -- we must heed the stark warnings and the prophecy that their examples provide.

 

The Communist Abortion Addiction.

 

“When will those idiots in Moscow realize that the damage done to our women by abortion is quite equal to the harm done by drug addiction and alcoholism?”-- Soviet gynecologist Archil Khomasuridze.[4]

 

The Former Soviet Union -- World Abortion Capital.

 

About eighty percent of the former Soviet Union’s unborn children are murdered by abortion, and this slaughter has proceeded unabated in spite of the recent upheavals and ‘counter-revolution.’ Although this is a shocking figure, it is nowhere near as bad as that in some Communist countries which use abortion purely for population control and thereby kill more than ninety percent of their heritage.

 

The former Soviet Union currently holds the dubious title of ‘world abortion champion,’ recording even more “kills” than mainland China, which has a population four times larger. The Soviet Union suffered an incredible 12.8 million abortions in 1965 out of a total population of 233 million --ten times the current rate in the United States! For more than 15 years, an average of three-fourths of all Soviet women’s pregnancies have ended in abortion.[5] As the abortion mentality sinks ever deeper into the Soviet psyche, this figure has risen to about 90 percent in recent years. The former Soviet Union now commits an average of 20 million surgical abortions per year.[6]

 

This means that Soviet women have aborted about 350 million of their preborn babies in the last 25 years -- which makes the Soviet Union the only country that has wiped out the equivalent of more than its own population within the last generation.

 

This Soviet addiction to abortion is the direct cause of many bizarre and sometimes devastating demographic changes. For example, in 1987 the Soviet authorities announced a coercive program to reduce the birthrate among the mostly Moslem people of the Republic of Tadzhikstan, because their families, averaging six children, had created “a demographic situation which is growing complicated.”[7]

 

This quaint and vastly understated phrase means that Soviet women have been aborting the ‘native’ population out of existence for decades, and the Soviets must now force other populations to bring down their birthrates as well, or they will simply be overwhelmed by their so-called ‘minorities.’

 

The Soviets are taking the easy way out -- instead of trying to limit their own abortion rate, they are compelling other ethnic groups to emulate the sordid practice of aborting three-fourths of their unborn children.

 

Some Soviet authorities have finally recognized the gravity of the situation, and are speaking out. According to E.A. Shevardnadze, head of the Georgia Soviet Socialist Republic; “Has anyone the moral right to ignore the fact that so many women are striving to rid themselves of the future generation? In the past year, there were 100,000 abortions in this Republic, twice as many as in 1960. And this is only officially registered abortions. Mostly the basis of not wanting children is frivolousness and egoism. And certain doctors not only do not prevent this, but engage in a crude violation of the law, carrying out the dubious practice at home.”[8]

 

Romania Goes Through the Cycle -- Twice!

 

The leaders of other Communist countries have done more than merely decry their abortion situations. Romania, for example, recorded 1,115,000 abortions out of a total population of 19,030,000 in 1965, a world record of 4.04 abortions per live birth -- meaning that four-fifths of all their pregnancies ended in abortion! One-fourth of all women of childbearing age had an abortion each year, and each woman averaged eight abortions in her lifetime. This abortion rate was fully 10 times greater than the current rate in the United States. Romania’s population was on the brink of a steep plunge to extinction.

 

In 1966, the government outlawed abortion except for cases involving the mother’s life, health, rape and incest, and eugenics. This may appear to be a long list of exceptions, but the Romanians kept strict control over their documentation, and abuse was relatively infrequent. The results were dramatic: in 1967, Romania had a total of 51,700 abortions, a 95 percent decrease over a period of just two years.[5]

 

But Romania still had not learned its lesson. The Communists once again allowed more and more exceptions, until in 1983, there were 421,000 abortions to 321,000 births. Once again, Romania had one of the world’s highest abortion ratios, with 1.31 abortions per live birth.

 

Finally, the Communist Party’s Central Committee banned abortion once again on March 7, 1984, and dictator Ceaucescu stated flatly that he wanted four children from every woman (pro-abortionists shout that banning abortion will lead to compelled childbirth, but what they fail to mention is that this happens only in Communist countries).

 

Romanian women experienced the identical reproductive coercion that Chinese women do, only with the opposite intention -- they received a medical examination after each cycle, and if they were pregnant at the end of the first cycle but not at the end of the second, they were interrogated. Contraceptives were also banned. In fact, people still single at 25 and couples with no children paid an extra five percent income tax. Doctors convicted of doing an illegal abortion a second time received the death sentence!

 

When Ceaucescu was overthrown in 1989, the incoming government immediately legalized abortion yet again -- for an unprecedented third time! For a little while, pro-abortionists, ever on the lookout for propaganda opportunities, tried to titillate an uncaring American public with garish photographs of ‘unwanted’ children warehoused in Romanian orphanages, and with stories of what might happen if ‘right-wing fanatics’ got their way in the United States.

 

Faye Wattleton, former president of the Planned Parenthood Federation of American, was, as usual, in the forefront of the propaganda campaign as she stated in a Humanist magazine; “If you think I’m being an alarmist, look at the history of Romania under Nicolae Ceaucescu. To boost the birthrate, the dictator banned contraception and abortion. Over time, birthrates were virtually unchanged -- but the maternal death rate skyrocketed. Nearly 1,000 Romanian women died each year from illegal abortions -- and those are just the ones who went to hospitals. Countless others, terrified of the law, chose to die at home. Today, in Bucharest alone, up to 30,000 women await hospital treatment for abortion complications. And 40,000 babies have been left orphaned or abandoned. This is the grisly legacy of a state that tried to control its citizens’ reproduction.”[9]

 

If Wattleton is the most intelligent and honest person that the pro- aborts can muster to lead them, they are in bad condition indeed. To begin with, her figure of 1,000 Romanian women dying of illegal abortions is simply an unsupported echo of the figure used in the United States -- and, like the U.S. number, it is a barefaced lie.

 

Wattleton also asserted in the above statement that one-fifth of all Bucharest women of childbearing age are awaiting care for botched abortions at any given time.

 

Only the blindest pro-abortionist would believe such nonsense.

 

Wattleton and others tried their best to paint Ceaucescu as “typical of the anti-choice mindset.” What they failed to mention, of course, was that the Romanian government did not ban abortion and birth control because it had any particular respect for the sanctity of life, but because it viewed life as a ‘commodity’ to be ‘accumulated for the greater good of the State.’

 

This pro-abort nonsense and the 1989 propaganda film “The Handmaid’s Tale” both flopped miserably. It was a bad year for pro-abortion propaganda.

 

China -- Abortion on Command.

 

Most pro-life activists are familiar with the forced contraception, sterilization, and abortion program in the People’s Republic of China. The Chinese are not particularly bashful about this coercion, and claim that it is necessary for their survival as a nation. The National Organization for Women and other groups praise this program, thereby giving the lie to their assertions that they are not ‘pro-abortion,’ but ‘pro-choice.’ It is estimated that the Chinese now commit 10 to 12 million abortions a year.[10]

 

For a further description of China’s coercive population control program --and the enthusiastic pro-abortion support of it -- see Chapter 50, “Forced Abortions.”

 

Europe: The Dying Continent.

 

Introduction.

 

The direct cause of abortion is the separation of sex from procreation. Nowhere is this more obvious than in the European countries.

 

The only European country that currently boasts a replacement birthrate of 2.2 children per family is not coincidentally the only European country that still outlaws abortions -- Ireland. In fact, there are only three countries in the entire ‘first’ (developed) world that now reproduce themselves -- Poland, Malta, and Ireland. Significantly, Poland was the only Communist-controlled country that reproduced itself.[5]

 

However, if the population controllers have their way, this will soon change. The depths to which Poland has sunk was recently demonstrated by the country’s Commission on Health and Physical Culture, which made the astounding claim that the legalization of abortion had completely eliminated not only all infanticides, but all suicides by pregnant women as well![6,11]

 

Plunging Birthrates.

 

Most of the world’s lowest birthrates are concentrated in Europe (see Figure 57-2 for a comparison of the birthrates of some developed countries). East and West Germany, Italy, Austria, Sweden, Switzerland, France, Spain, and other European countries all have birthrates of less than 15 per 1,000 population annually. This means that they have gone far below zero population growth and are beginning the long and agonizing process of societal suicide.

 

FIGURE 57-2  1990 FERTILITY RATES IN DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

1990 FERTILITY RATE (CHILDREN PER COMPLETED FAMILY)

*** HONG KONG  ************** 1.42*

*** GERMANY, ITALY *********** 1.50*

*** DENMARK, AUSTRIA ********** 1.54

*** SWITZERLAND, NETHERLANDS * 1.57

*** BELGIUM ********************* 1.60

*** CANADA, GREECE *************** 1.69

*** SWEDEN, SPAIN ****************** 1.73

*** JAPAN, UNITED KINGDOM ********** 1.76

*** FRANCE, PORTUGAL **************** 1.80

*** UNITED STATES ********************* 1.87

*** AUSTRALIA ************************** 1.93

*----------------------- REPLACEMENT RATE= 2.20 -----------

*** POLAND ********************************** 2.21

*** SOVIET UNION ******************************** 2.40

*** PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA (PRC) ************* 2.44

*** ARGENTINA ******************************************* 2.78

*** BRAZIL **************************************************** 3.16

*** MEXICO ************************************************************** 3.57

*** INDIA******************************************************************* 3.79

Notes.  “Total fertility rate” is defined as the average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their childbearing years (usually taken to mean age 44) and, at each year of childbearing age, they experience the average birth rates for each country. If a country’s population is to be stable, the total fertility rate must be 2.20.  The above 25 countries contain 3,250 million people, or 65% of the world’s population.

Reference:  United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. Reference Data Book and Guide to Sources,  Statistical Abstract of the United States .  Washington, DC:  United States Government Printing Office. 1990 (110th Edition), 991 pages.  Table 1,440, “Vital Statistics, 1989, and Projections, 2000 -- Selected Countries.”

 

The cause of this self-immolation should be chiseled on their gravestones as a warning to others; a total lack of respect for the procreative function bestowed upon us by God.

 

The table below shows that the ten mainland European countries have suffered a shortfall in native births of nearly 20 million in the last 20 years, and the trend shows no signs of abating. The direct and indirect impacts of slow suicide on a continental scale are already becoming evident, as violence flares in Germany and other countries in response to a flood of non-native immigrants.

 

TABULATION OF SHORTFALL OF NATIVE EUROPEAN BIRTHS, 1973 TO 1992

Year

Births Required for Replacement

Annual Births

Shortfall

1968

3,500,000

4,206,000

--

1969

3,564,000

4,096,000

--

1970

3,630,000

3,989,000

--

1971

3,662,000

3,893,000

--

1972

3,694,000

3,799,000

--

1973

3,734,000

3,641,000

93,000

1974

3,775,000

3,490,000

285,000

1975

3,794,000

3,350,000

444,000

1976

3,814,000

3,216,000

598,000

1977

3,846,000

3,181,000

665,000

1978

3,879,000

3,147,000

732,000

1979

3,911,000

3,208,000

703,000

1980

3,943,000

3,271,000

672,000

1981

3,980,000

3,232,000

748,000

1982

4,018,000

3,194,000

824,000

1983

4,058,000

3,162,000

896,000

1984

4,099,000

3,131,000

968,000

1985

4,140,000

3,100,000

1,040,000

1986

4,181,000

3,069,000

1,112,000

1987

4,223,000

3,039,000

1,184,000

1988

4,265,000

3,009,000

1,256,000

1989

4,308,000

2,979,000

1,329,000

1990

4,351,000

2,950,000

1,401,000

1991

4,395,000

2,921,000

1,474,000

1992

4,439,000

2,892,000

1,547,000

Total 20-Year Shortfall:

17,971,000

NOTE:  The ten European countries represented above are Austria, Belgium, France, Netherlands, West Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Spain, Portugal, and Denmark.  Greece is not included.[12]

 

 

 

Case Studies.

 

Introduction.

 

By no means is the United States the only nation in demographic trouble. The pattern is simple and invariably the same:

 

ARTIFICIAL CONTRACEPTION

always leads to

ABORTION

which inevitably will lead to

EUTHANASIA.

 

Many developed nations offer us stark lessons in this inevitable progression. The only question that remains is: Do we have the wisdom to learn from the mistakes of others?

 

The following paragraphs describe the terrible situations that four developed countries find themselves in, directly as a result of embracing the free-sex, utilitarian modern ethic.

 

Sweden.

 

In Sweden, homosexuality enjoys full legal equality with normal lifestyles. Graphic sex education is given to all children beginning in kindergarten. More than 80 percent of all teenagers have sex before the age of 18, and the average “sexual debut” for boys and girls is at age 14. Contraceptives are pushed on girls before they even have their first menstrual cycle.[5]

 

The result of this total sexual freedom was entirely predictable. Suicide is epidemic, especially among young people. Over the last 15 years, teenage pregnancy increased 1,600 percent, and pregnancy in girls 14 or under increased more than 1,000 percent. The Swedish Sex Education Association (RFSU) collaborates closely with the International Planned Parenthood Federation. Since 1970, venereal disease has exploded 400 percent, and the rape of girls 14 and under has risen more than 500 percent. The state pays for all of Sweden’s annual 35,000 abortions per year. Doctors are forced to perform abortions or they will lose their jobs and any hope of promotion.

 

In Sweden, it is illegal for a father to spank his twelve-year old daughter, but it is all right for him to have sexual intercourse with her.

 

Sweden’s ‘sexual paradise’ is the dream of pro-abortion groups all over the world. Free abortions and contraceptives are lavished upon anyone who wants them, and anyone can engage in any type of sex at any age with no consequences whatever -- except, of course, natural consequences like AIDS, gonorrhea, herpes and syphilis.

 

Italy.

 

After a chemical accident released clouds of deadly-poisonous Dioxin in 1976 near Seveso, busloads of Neofeminists invaded neighboring villages and demanded that all pregnant women get abortions. All pregnant women were told that they would give birth to retarded and deformed children. Frightened half to death, more than 75% of the pregnant women in the area crowded into the local slaughterhouses, which welcomed the sudden boom in business.[13]

 

When the women who did not abort gave birth to perfectly healthy children, the Neofeminist groups suddenly became permanently unavailable for comment. Many of the women who felt compelled to get abortions were angry and bitter enough to attempt to hunt down these Neofeminist liars, who had suddenly made themselves scarce.

 

In 1978, eight years after divorce was legalized, the Italian Parliament, dominated by Communists and Socialists, approved laws which pay for all abortions. As a result, annual abortions rose from 100,000 to 2,000,000 in less than ten years. And why not? Why not use abortion for birth control if it is free and easy?

 

As a result of this abortion orgy, Italian births have plunged from 1,018,000 in 1964 to less than 600,000 annually now. The 1981 Report to the Italian Parliament showed that, in some large areas, five out of every six pregnancies end in abortion -- 84.3 percent![14] This is a worse survival rate than that in the Mauthausen concentration camps during World War II!

 

In Italy at least, the womb is as dangerous a place for a baby to live as Nazi concentration camps were for Jews to live. What a sad commentary on humanity!

 

And as if this were not enough, the Italian Communist Party is continuing to push for bills allowing sex between adult men and 12-year old girls.

 

Germany.

 

Planned Parenthood called itself “Pro Familia” in the former country of West Germany (this is analogous to calling the Nazi Party “Pro Juden!”). “Pro Familia” had free reign in this country since 1952. As a result, this former nation of 61 million people suffered more than 500,000 abortions annually. Additionally, 57 percent of all couples had one child, or no children at all. It is therefore no surprise that West Germany had the world’s lowest birthrate before unification -- 1.2 children per couple, barely half of replacement rate.[5] Also predictable is the world’s highest suicide rate, at 40,000 persons killed per year, four times the enormously high rate in the United States.

 

The German Catholic bishops reject Humanae Vitae , the 1968 encyclical on birth control and abortion. The world’s most explicit “sex shops” abound in Germany. These shops provide a vast array of “marital aids,” including rubber body parts, inflatable, anatomically-correct adult dolls of both sexes, whips and chains, and even more garish and repulsive items. These shops are everywhere -- and the largest one of all is in the main concourse of Frankfurt International Airport! No wonder the Germans are jaded about sex!

 

In 1985, for the first time, West Germany was unable to meet its armed forces conscript quota due to its lack of 18-year old boys. Foreign tourists have remarked on the almost total absence of small children in some West German towns.

 

And visiting American pro-lifers nervously encounter the eerie spectacle of Germans dressing small dogs in expensive clothes and wheeling them around town in custom-built baby carriages, as if trying to meet some compelling but unmet need.

 

It is as if the Pied Piper of Hamelin has returned for the second and final time, leading all of the little German children down the one-way road to the abortuaries.

 

Japan.

 

Japan is yet another of the growing body of countries that have many more abortions than births. This nation of about 120 million suffers more than two million abortions a year, about four times the rate of the United States. It is interesting that Japanese legislators naively consider their abortion laws to be ‘strict,’ but predictably, 90 percent of all abortions are performed under the ‘economic grounds’ exception. This abortion rate gives Japan a subreplacement rate of 1.7 children per completed family.

 

Japan’s population situation contrasts sharply with that of the United States and Western European nations in several respects. The birth control pill and IUD are banned because of their serious side effects. Teen chastity is encouraged, and ‘only’ 30,000 abortions were committed on teenaged girls in 1991 -- one-ninth the rate in the United States.

 

The vast majority of abortions are committed on married women, the inverse of the situation in the United States. Additionally, Japan’s total population is actually beginning to decline, due to the lack of immigration caused by the island nation’s considerable linguistic and societal barriers. Other developed countries -- notably the United States, Germany and France -- can maintain their total population by allowing heavy immigration.

 

Interestingly, Japan has the world’s longest life expectancy, at 80 years average for women and 74 years average for men. This factor, combined with an ever-shrinking working population, will create an extremely critical worker-retiree support conflict within the next 15 years.

 

Japanese women kill their preborn children at an astonishing rate in order to conform to the hardened public and private mandate that two children are the maximum that any family should have -- for the good of the environment and of society. This coercion is certainly more subtle than that in the People’s Republic of China -- but it is coercion nonetheless.

 

However, Japanese women at least have a religious mechanism for dealing with their guilt and remorse. Buddhist memorial services for their aborted babies -- which are referred to as “water children sent from dark to dark” -- have become a booming business in Japan.

 

The ceremonies claim to give aborted (and miscarried) children protection offered by the Jizo Deity, who wards off devils who would otherwise make them his slaves for all eternity.

 

The standard memorial includes is a wooden slat or small stone tablet with inscriptions such as “Forgive your foolish father;” “Come back into my womb after five years;” “I’m very sorry. I love you, but I couldn’t help it;” and “Please find rest and peace.”[15] Despite this booming business, Japanese government officials deny the existence of post-abortion suyndrome, just as they do in the United States.

 

The Buddhist temples advertise heavily, and their ads extol the virtues of their competing deities with clever sales pitches that play on guilt and fear. One ad in a large Japanese newspaper features a color photo of a large Buddhist Kanon goddess holding a child in her arms. The accompanying narrative warns; “Beware lest what you did brings misfortune to your family like divorce, all kinds of family troubles; you did away with this child, burying it into terminal darkness and misfortune. Apologize for what you did to this water child just as soon as you can by doing the memorial service; help this water child to become peaceful. Ask the Mizuko Kanon [goddess] to drive away the evil spirits from your water child, to bring it happiness instead of sadness. That is for you the shortest road to your own happiness.”

 

The Buddhist priests are obviously wise enough to frame their appeal in terms of self-interest -- the same motivation that led to the abortions in the first place.

 

It is estimated that the Buddhists make a third of a billion dollars annually on these memorial services, supplementing the billion dollars made by Japanese abortionists annually.[15]

 

We in the United States have begun to imitate the Japanese with grave plots and memorial services for the preborn, despite the fanatical resistance of such anti-religious groups as the American Civil Liberties Union and the National Organization for Women, who have actually taken pro- lifers to court for daring to attempt to bury the sad little bodies of aborted preborn babies.

 

Declining Birthrates.

 

PP in the Lead.

 

The number one priority of the International Planned Parenthood Federation is world population control. This is its Holy Grail, the highest good, the goal towards which it strives with every breath. In the pursuit of this objective, the organization simply ignores all obstacles that decent people would heed -- such as local customs, religions, and laws.

 

Planned Parenthood and other population control agencies spread abortion as far and wide as they possibly can, including incursions into many areas where the result is conditions that would make the “back-alley abortions” they complain so much about seem almost like paradise by comparison. An IPPF conference on abortion held in Accra in December of 1973 recommended that the Karman curette should be standard equipment in the medical packs of traditional midwives and paramedical workers who travel about the countryside.[16] And then the same people who systematically violate the laws of a multitude of other nations rave about “400,000 illegal abortion deaths every year!”

 

We must wonder how many were committed by PP-equipped lay people!

 

Since it is blinded by its obsession with population control, Planned Parenthood does not hesitate to join forces with governments that systematically violate civil rights on a wide scale. A 1984 London Observer editorial exposed the connection between repressive regimes and Planned Parenthood; “The Salvadorean regime of President Alvaro Magana, the American Government, and the London-based International Planned Parenthood Federation are collaborating in a high-pressure campaign to force Salvadorean women from poor families to be sterilized. Although sterilizations are supposed to be voluntary, reports from several areas of El Salvador reveal that the sterilizations are, in fact, compulsory. Salvadorean hospitals, clinics and fieldworkers are set monthly targets for the number of sterilizations they are to carry out ... The sterilization campaign is carried out by the Salvadorean Health Ministry and the Salvadorean Demographic Association, a private agency which is a member of the International Planned Parenthood Federation and receives funds from Britain and the U.S.”[17]

 

Results of the Campaign.

 

The population controllers have been wildly successful in many areas by frightening governments with their talk of deadly ‘population explosions.’ European nations, caught up in pursuit of pleasure without consequence, are dying as a result. However, the popcon propagandists have also been very successful in most Asian countries.

 

Figure 57-3 shows the results of this campaign. Many Asian cultures, which previously bore an average of more than six children per family, are now under replacement rate. Mainland China, Singapore, and South Korea have experienced respective fertility decreases of 60 percent, 75 percent, and 65 percent, and are all at or under replacement rate. All of these countries provide abortion on demand, and even pay for most of these abortions. They seem to have emulated the worst of Western society and are also now abortion addicts.

 

FIGURE 57-3  FERTILITY REDUCTION IN POPULOUS COUNTRIES

FERTILITY RATE (CHILDREN PER COMPLETED FAMILY)

FERTILITY IN 1990

FERTILITY IN 1960

DECLINE

 - 53%

MEXICO**************************

3.6

7.0

- 48%

MALAYSIA*****************

2.9

6.9

- 58%

TURKEY***************************

3.7

6.8

- 46%

COLOMBIA*****************

2.9

6.8

- 57%

EGYPT**************************************

4.7

6.7

- 30%

PERU*****************************

3.7

6.6

- 44%

THAILAND**********

2.2

6.6

- 67%

TAIWAN********

1.8

6.5

- 74%

SINGAPORE***

1.6

6.3

- 75%

INDIA*****************************

3.8

6.2

- 39%

BRAZIL**********************

3.2

6.2

- 48%

SOUTHKOREA*******

2.2

6.0

- 63%

SRILANKA***********

2.4

5.9

- 59%

INDONESIA********************

3.3

5.6

- 41%

P.R.CHINA**********

2.4

5.5

- 56%

CUBA*********

1.7

4.7

- 64%

Notes.  “Total fertility rate” is defined as the average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their childbearing years (usually taken to mean age 44) and, at each year of childbearing age, they experience the average birth rates for each country. If a country’s population is to be stable, the total fertility rate must be 2.20.

References.  (1)  Jodi L. Jacobsen.   Planning the Global Family (Worldwatch Paper 80).  The sixteen countries shown possess 61 percent of the world’s population.  (2)  United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.  Reference Data Book and Guide to Sources,  Statistical Abstract of the United States .  Washington, DC:  United States Government Printing Office.  1990 (110th Edition).  Table 1,440, “Vital Statistics, 1989, and Projections, 2000 -- Selected Countries.”

 

 

 

Figure 57-4 shows historical and projected world and regional population characteristics by area development and gender over the 40-year period 1960 to 2000. The most significant conclusions drawn from this figure are that;

 

FIGURE 57-4  HISTORICAL AND PROJECTED WORLD POPULATION CHARACTERISTICS

Population in Millions

1960

1965

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

North America

199

214

226

239

252

264

275

287

297

Central America

71

83

95

108

122

137

154

173

190

South America

146

168

191

216

242

273

297

327

356

Europe

425

444

460

474

484

492

499

506

512

Soviet Union

214

231

243

254

266

278

292

304

315

Africa

293

330

375

427

491

566

645

751

872

Asia

1,685

1,871

2,112

2,364

2,593

2,831

3,058

3,304

3,549

Oceania

16

17

19

21

23

24

26

28

30

WORLD

3,049

3,358

3,721

4,103

4,473

4,865

5,246

5,680

6,121

Population Distribution by Area Development

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

More Developed

945

1,002

1,049

1,096

1,136

1,173

1,208

1,240

1,268

Less Developed

2,104

2,356

2,672

3,007

3,336

3,692

4,038

4,440

4,853

Population Distribution by Sex

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Males

1,526

1,681

1,863

2,056

2,244

2,443

2,634

2,870

3,099

Females

1,523

1,677

1,858

2,047

2,229

2,422

2,612

2,810

3,022

Growth Rate in Percent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

North America

1.5

1.1

1.1

1.1

0.9

0.8

0.8

0.7

 

Central America

2.8

2.7

2.5

2.4

2.3

2.3

2.3

1.9

 

South America

2.7

2.6

2.4

2.4

2.3

1.9

1.7

1.7

 

Europe

0.9

0.7

0.6

0.4

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.2

 

Soviet Union

1.5

1.0

0.9

0.9

0.9

0.9

0.8

0.7

 

Africa

2.4

2.5

2.6

2.7

2.8

2.6

3.1

3.0

 

Asia

2.1

2.4

2.3

1.8

1.7

1.6

1.5

1.4

 

Oceania

2.1

2.1

1.9

1.5

1.3

1.4

1.4

1.4

 

WORLD

1.9

2.1

2.0

1.8

1.7

1.6

1.6

1.5

 

World Parameters

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Crude Birth Rate

35.1

33.9

31.6

28.4

27.1

26.0

25.0

23.8

 

Crude Death Rate

14.5

13.3

12.2

11.2

10.5

9.9

9.3

8.8

 

Life Expectancy

54.0

55.9

57.7

59.2

60.9

62.6

64.3

65.8

 

Median Age

19.9

20.8

21.6

22.4

23.3

24.2

25.3

26.4

 

Reference:  United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. Reference Data Book and Guide to Sources,  Statistical Abstract of the United States .  1990 (110th Edition).  Table 1,440, “World Population.”

1.       world population expansion has dropped from a high of 2.1 percent per year in the period 1966-1970 to a current rate of 1.6 percent per year, and is expected to drop even further before the turn of the century.

2.       the crude birth and death rates have dropped by one-third in the last 30 years, and the overall world life expectancy has increased by a decade during the same time period.

3.       the median age has increased from under 20 in 1960 to over 25 now, and is expected to continue its increase.

 

Conclusions.

 

Despite the bleakness of the picture, there is still ample hope for the world. Certain countries, including Japan and Romania, are working diligently to reduce their abortion rates for purely utilitarian reasons. Others are seeing the wisdom of protecting the unborn child simply because each execution is a terrible miscarriage of justice.

 

One shining example is the Philippines. Former President Ferdnand Marcos, who fully approved of abortion for population control purposes, imported thousands of battery-operated suction machines specifically for killing the unborn in rural villages. Then Corazon Aquino, who is one leader who is proud of her Catholic faith, took office as President of the Philippines.

 

On December 1, 1986, Philippine voters passed a new Constitution which included the clause: “The State shall equally protect the life of the mother and the life of the unborn from conception.”

 

World Abortion Availability.

 

Planned Parenthood and other population controllers enjoy bragging that many or most countries are ‘progressive’ enough to allow abortion on demand.

 

Not surprisingly, this statement is a gross exaggeration. Only 22 countries allow their unborn citizens to be slaughtered at their mother’s whim. Unfortunately, nearly one-half (49.4%) of the world’s population of five billion resides in only five of these countries -- the People’s Republic of China, India, the Soviet Union, the United States, and Japan. An additional 55 countries provide numerous exceptions for abortion such as eugenics and the mother’s physical or mental health.[18]

 

The 77 countries that provide abortion on demand, which include three-fourths of the world’s population, therefore provide little or no protection for their unborn citizens.

 

On the other hand, 66 countries, which include the remaining one-fourth of the world’s population, prohibit abortion entirely or allow it only for rape and incest or to save the mother’s life.

 

Figure 57-5 provides a summary of the status of abortion in 143 countries which include 96 percent of the world’s population. Figure 57-6 shows the individual status of abortion ‘rights’ in these countries.

 

FIGURE 57-5  SUMMARY: WORLD ABORTION AVAILABILITY

Criteria for Obtaining Abortions

Countries

Population in 1990

Percent

Abortion entirely illegal

19

194,940,000

3.7

Abortion legal for the following reasons;

 

 

 

Life of the mother only

35

790,610,000

14.8

Life and rape and incest

4

225,400,000

4.2

Life and physical health

13

247,120,000

4.6

Life, physical health, eugenics

5

138,620,000

2.6

Life, physical/mental health

9

56,000,000

1.1

Life, physical/mental health, and eugenics

4

36,780,000

0.7

Life, rape and incest, eugenics

2

16,140,000

0.3

Life, rape/incest, physical health

9

152,330,000

2.9

Life, rape/incest, physical/mental health

1

2,310,000

0.1

Life, rape/incest, physical health, eugenics

5

47,620,000

0.9

Life, rape/incest, mental health, eugenics

1

36,700,000

0.7

Abortion on demand

36

3,345,000,000

62.8

Position on abortion unknown

25

30,065,000

0.6

TOTAL WORLD POPULATION

168

5,319,635,000

100.0

References.  (1)  Christopher Tietze.   Induced Abortion, A World View . The Population Council, 1983.  (2)  Emily Campbell Moore-Cavar. International Inventory of Information on Induced Abortion . International Institute for the Study of Human Reproduction, Columbia University, 1974.  656 pages.  (3)  Bureau of the Census, United States Department of Commerce.  National Data Book and Guide to Sources, Statistical Abstract of the United States .  1988 (108th Edition).  Table 1,438, “Population and Area, By Region and Country, 1980 and 1989, and Projections, 1990 and 2000.”

 

 

FIGURE 57-6  ABORTION AVAILABILITY IN 143 COUNTRIES AS OF JULY 1992

Country

Pop (million)

Life

R&I

Phy Health

Mental Health

Eugen.

Other

Afghanistan

15.59

XX

 

 

 

 

 

Albania

3.27

XX

 

XX

 

 

 

Algeria

25.71

XX

 

XX

 

 

 

Andorra

0.05

XX

 

 

 

 

 

Argentina

32.29

XX

XX

XX

 

 

XX

Australia

16.64

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

Austria

7.60

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

Bangladesh

115.75

XX

 

 

 

 

XX

Bahrain

0.51

 

 

 

 

 

 

Barbados

0.26

 

 

 

 

 

 

Belgium

9.90

XX

 

 

 

 

 

Benin

4.84

XX

 

 

 

 

 

Bolivia

6.73

XX

XX

XX

 

 

XX

Botswana

1.28

XX

XX

XX

 

 

 

Brazil

157.94

XX

XX

 

 

 

XX

Bulgaria

8.98

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

Burkina Faso

8.94

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

Burma

41.28

XX

 

 

 

 

 

Burundi

5.47

XX

 

 

 

 

 

Cambodia

6.99

XX

 

 

 

 

 

Cameroon

11.11

XX

XX

XX

 

 

 

Canada

26.53

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

Central Af. Rep.

2.88

XX

 

 

 

 

 

Chad

5.05

XX

 

 

 

 

 

Chile

13.01

 

 

 

 

 

 

China

1,114.51

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

Colombia

32.60

 

 

 

 

 

 

Congo

2.31

XX

XX

XX

XX

 

 

Costa Rica

3.04

XX

XX

XX

 

 

 

Cuba

10.55

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

Cyprus

0.71

XX

 

XX

XX

 

 

Czechoslovakia

15.70

XX

XX

XX

 

XX

XX

Denmark

5.13

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

Dominican Rep.

7.50

XX

 

 

 

 

 

Djibouti

0.34

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ecuador

10.79

XX

XX

 

 

 

XX

Egypt

56.22

XX

 

XX

 

XX

 

El Salvador

5.66

XX

XX

 

 

XX

XX

England

39.38

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

Ethiopia

51.38

XX

 

XX

 

XX

 

Finland

4.98

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

France

56.18

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

Gabon

1.07

XX

 

 

 

 

 

Gambia, The

0.82

XX

 

XX

XX

XX

 

Germany, East

16.58

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

Germany, West

60.98

XX

 

XX

 

 

 

Ghana

15.23

XX

 

 

 

 

 

Greece

10.07

XX

 

XX

 

XX

 

Guatemala

9.25

XX

 

 

 

 

 

Guinea

7.27

XX

 

XX

 

 

 

Guyana

0.77

XX

 

XX

XX

 

 

Haiti

6.51

 

 

 

 

 

 

Honduras

5.29

XX

 

XX

 

 

 

Hong Kong

5.77

XX

XX

XX

 

XX

XX

Hungary

10.55

XX

 

XX

XX

XX

XX

Iceland

0.25

XX

XX

XX

 

XX

XX

India

850.07

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

Indonesia

191.27

XX

 

 

 

 

 

Iran

55.25

XX

 

 

 

 

 

Iraq

18.87

XX

 

XX

 

XX

 

Ireland

3.52

 

 

 

 

 

 

Israel

4.45

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

 

Italy

57.66

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

Ivory Coast

12.07

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jamaica

2.51

XX

 

XX

XX

 

 

Japan

123.75

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

Jordan

3.07

XX

 

XX

XX

 

 

Kenya

25.39

XX

 

XX

XX

 

 

Korea, North

23.06

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

Korea, South

43.92

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

Kuwait

2.08

XX

 

XX

 

XX

 

Laos

4.02

XX

 

 

 

 

 

Lebanon

3.39

XX

 

 

 

 

 

Lesotho

1.76

XX

 

XX

XX

 

 

Liechtenstein

0.03

XX

 

XX

XX

 

 

Liberia

2.63

XX

XX

XX

 

XX

 

Libya

4.21

XX

 

 

 

 

 

Luxembourg

0.37

XX

 

XX

XX

XX

XX

Madagascar

11.80

XX

 

 

 

 

 

Malawi

8.20

XX

 

 

 

 

 

Malaysia

17.05

XX

XX

 

 

 

 

Mali

9.18

 

 

 

 

 

 

Malta

0.37

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mauritania

2.04

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mexico

86.89

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

Monaco

0.03

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mongolia

2.19

XX

 

XX

 

 

 

Morocco

26.25

XX

 

XX

 

 

 

Mozambique

15.83

XX

 

 

 

 

 

Nepal

19.16

XX

 

XX

 

 

 

Netherlands

14.86

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

New Zealand

3.40

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

 

Nicaragua

3.61

XX

 

 

 

 

 

Niger

7.69

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nigeria

118.87

XX

 

 

 

 

 

Norway

4.21

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

Oman

1.35

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pakistan

113.16

XX

 

XX

 

 

 

Panama

2.42

XX

 

 

 

 

 

Papua

3.82

XX

 

XX

 

 

 

Paraguay

4.66

 

 

 

 

 

 

Peru

22.35

 

 

 

 

 

 

Philippines

66.65

 

 

 

 

 

 

Poland

38.36

XX

XX

XX

 

 

XX

Portugal

10.53

 

 

 

 

 

 

Puerto Rico

3.42

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

Romania

23.27

XX

XX

XX

 

XX

XX

Rwanda

7.60

XX

 

XX

 

 

 

Saudi

16.76

XX

 

 

 

 

 

Scotland

10.10

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

Senegal

7.74

XX

 

 

 

 

 

Seychelles

0.07

XX

XX

XX

 

 

 

Sierra Leone

4.17

XX

 

XX

XX

 

 

Singapore

2.70

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

Somalia

8.42

XX

 

 

 

 

 

South Africa

36.70

XX

XX

 

XX

XX

 

Spain

39.62

XX

XX

 

 

 

 

Sri Lanka

17.10

XX

 

 

 

 

 

Sudan

25.04

XX

 

XX

XX

XX

 

Swaziland

0.78

XX

 

XX

 

 

 

Sweden

8.41

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

Switzerland

6.63

XX

 

XX

 

 

 

Syria

12.47

XX

 

 

 

 

 

Taiwan

20.45

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

Tanzania

25.99

XX

 

XX

 

 

 

Thailand

56.45

XX

XX

XX

 

 

XX

Togo

3.57

XX

 

 

 

 

 

Trinidad/Tobago

1.27

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tunisia

8.10

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

Turkey

56.55

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

Uganda

17.59

XX

 

XX

XX

 

 

U.S.S.R.

290.94

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

U.S.

250.41

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

Uruguay

3.00

XX

XX

XX

 

 

XX

Venezuela

19.75

XX

 

 

 

 

 

Vietnam

68.49

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

Wales

4.12

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

Yemen-Aden

2.59

XX

 

 

 

 

 

Yemen-Sana

7.16

XX

 

 

 

 

 

Yugoslavia

23.86

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

Zaire

35.33

XX

 

 

 

 

 

Zambia

8.11

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

XX

Zimbabwe

10.48

XX

XX

 

 

XX

 

References. (1) Bureau of the Census, United States Department of Commerce. National Data Book and Guide to Sources, Statistical Abstract of the United States . 1988 (108th Edition). Table 1,438, “Population and Area, By Region and Country, 1980 and 1989, and Projections, 1990 and 2000.” (2) Christopher Tietze. Induced Abortion: A World View . The Population Council, 1983.

 

==========================================

 

[1]  Article 6 of the 1989 United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, adopted at the 1989 General Assembly of the United Nations.

 

[2]  Stephen D. Mumford and Elton Kessel.  “Is Wide Availability of Abortion Essential to National Population Growth Control Programs? Experiences of 116 Countries.”   American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology , July 15, 1984.

 

[3]  Stanley K. Henshaw.  “Induced Abortion:  A World Review.”   Family Planning Perspectives , March/April 1990.

 

[4]  Soviet gynecologist Archil Khomasuridze, quoted in  Sisterlife (newsletter of Feminists for Life of America), Spring 1990, page 16.

 

[5]  Father Paul Marx.   Confessions of a Pro-Life Missionary .  1988, 353 pages, $10.00 hardback, $8.00 softback.  Published by Human Life International, 7845-E Airpark Road, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20879. Telephone:  (301) 670-7884.

 

[6]  Jodi L. Jacobson.  “Coming to Grips With Abortion.”  Pages 114 to 131. In the Worldwatch Institute’s  State of the World 1991  Report.  W.W. Norton Publishers, London, 1991.  Also issued as Worldwatch Paper #97,  The Global Politics of Abortion .

 

[7]   ALL News , November 28, 1986 and February 16, 1987.

 

[8]   Seattle Times , Wednesday, January 4, 1984, page A5.

 

[9]  Faye Wattleton.  “Reproductive Rights Are  Fundamental  Rights.”   The Humanist , January/February 1991, page 21.

 

[10]  Steven Mosher.   Broken Earth:  The Rural Chinese .  $8.95.  Order from:  Life Issues Bookshelf, Sun Life, Thaxton, Virginia 24174. Telephone:  (703) 586-4898.

 

[11]  Marek Okolski.  “Abortion and Contraception in Poland.”   Studies in Family Planning , November 1983.

 

[12]   Institut National d’Etudes Demographique  (INED).  “Short Fall in Births in Europe.”  From  Population , the bi-quarterly review of the INED, July/September 1983.  Percentages from 1982 to the present are exponentially extrapolated using the average percentage for the previous ten-year period (1973 to 1982).

 

[13]  Silvio Ghielmi, “The Strategy Against the Family:  The Italian Experience.”   The Wanderer , November 17, 1988, page 4.

 

[14]  Greg Burke, “Abortion Entrenched in Italy.”   National Catholic Register , January 8, 1989, page 1.

 

[15]  Father Anthony Zimmerman.  “Memorial Services for Aborted Children in Japan.”   Sorrow’s Reward , January 1989, pages 1 and 2.  Human Life International.

 

[16]  Malcolm Potts, Peter Diggory and John Peel.   Abortion .  Cambridge University Press, 1970.

 

[17]   The London Observer , April 1, 1984.  Described in Nancy B. Spannaus, Molly Hammett Kronberg, and Linda Everett (Editors).   How to Stop the Resurgence of Nazi Euthanasia Today .  Transcripts of the International Club of Life Conference, Munich, West Germany, June 11-12, 1988.   Executive Intelligence Review  Special Report, September 1988. EIR, Post Office Box 17390, Washington, D.C. 20041-0390.  $150.00.

 

[18]  Emily Campbell Moore-Cavar.   International Inventory of Information on Induced Abortion .  International Institute for the Study of Human Reproduction, Columbia University, 1974.  656 pages.  Also see Jodi L. Jacobsen.   Planning the Global Family .  Worldwatch Paper 80, 1988, 66 pages.  $4.00.  Order from the Worldwatch Institute, 1776 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036.  Also see John A. Ross, Marjorie Rich, Janet P. Molzan, and Michael Pensak.   Family Planning and Child Survival, 100 Developing Countries .  Center for Population and Family Health, Columbia University, 60 Haven Avenue, New York, New York 10032.  1988, 247 pages, $10.00.  Table 7, “Legal Status of Abortion,” pages 42 and 43. Finally, see Christopher Tietze.   Induced Abortion:  A World View .  The Population Council, 1983.

 

==========================================

 

Further Reading:  International Abortion Situation.

 

Alan Guttmacher Institute.   Pregnancy, Contraception & Family Planning Services in Industrialized Countries .  Authors:  Elise F. Jones, Jacqueline Darroch Forrest, Stanley K. Henshaw, Jane Silverman, and Aida Torres.  New Haven, Connecticut:  Yale University Press.  1989, 273 pages. The Alan Guttmacher Institute, the research arm of Planned Parenthood, examines statistics and culture in four countries (the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the Netherlands) in an effort to find out why unplanned pregnancy and abortion rates are so variable among societies that have so many similarities.

 

Apropos , Volume 5.  A.S. Fraser, Editor, Burnbrae, Staffin Road, Portree, Isle of Skye, Scotland, IV51 9HP, United Kingdom.  Subscription price is $12.50 by regular mail, $25.00 by airmail.  This is a magazine devoted to developments in the European Catholic Church.  Lately, the European Church has become deeply embroiled in the continuing controversy over fertility science, including various forms of  in-vitro  fertilization (IVF).

 

Bureau of the Census, United States Department of Commerce.  National Data Book and Guide to Sources, Statistical Abstract of the United States.  1990 (110th Edition).  960 pages, $25.00.  This fascinating book is the best available source of up-to-date information on United States and world population statistics and characteristics.  It is reissued in updated form each year.

 

Michael W. Cuneo.   Catholics Against the Church:  Anti-Abortion Protest in Toronto, 1969-1985 .  University of Toronto Press, 1989, 221 pages.  The author traces the history and sociology of the Canadian pro-life movement as it battles the most liberal Church hierarchy in the world.  The author is not writing from the pro-life viewpoint, but his insights will be valuable for American pro-life strategists.  A detailed recounting of the battle over the illegal but government-protected Morgentaler clinics is also provided.

 

Kingsley Davis, Mikhail S. Bernstam, and Rita Ricardo-Campbell (editors). “Below-Replacement Fertility in Industrial Societies:  Causes, Consequences, and Policies.”   Population and Development Review , Supplement to Volume 12, 1986, 363 pages.  The Center for Policy Studies of the Population Council, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, New York 10017.  This book is a proceedings summary of the seminar held at the Hoover Institution, Stanford University, in November of 1985.  A number of population experts discuss, among other issues, the alarming shortage of births in Europe and the United States, low fertility in an evolutionary perspective, population models, the changing values of society and their impacts upon decreased fertility, demographic impacts of below-replacement birthrates, impacts on economics, immigration, and Social Security.

 

Colin Francome.   Abortion Freedom:  A Worldwide Movement .  London: George Allen & Unwin.  1984, 241 pages.  Although written from the pro-abortion viewpoint, this book contains much valuable information regarding the basic philosophy and strategy of the worldwide pro-abortion movement.

 

Ian Gentles (editor).   A Time to Choose Life:  Women, Abortion and Human Rights .  Stoddart Publishing Company Limited, 34 Lesmill Road, Toronto, Canada M3B 2T6.  1990, 255 pages, $16.95.  This book consists of a series of articles by various authors grouped into three general divisions, which address the abortion situation in Canada, where the preborn enjoy even less protection than they do in the United States.  These sections are: “Philosophy, Feminism, and Politics;” “The Medical and Social Consequences of Abortion;” and “Parliament, the Courts, and the Unborn Child.”  Authors include Ian Gentles, Denyse O’Leary, George Grant, and Heather Morris.

 

Humanity .  This is one of the best international newspapers that the pro-life Movement has, covering events that are happening all over the world. It is published monthly and contains many insightful and interesting articles, often from points of view not often heard from in the United States.  Write to Humanity Publishing Society Ltd., Post Office Box 26-113 Epson, Auckland 3, New Zealand.  Subscription price is $21.50 for surface mail to North America.

 

The Human Life Center, directed by Mike and Rita Marker, is an educational resource center with an extensive and up-to-date library of research materials and “Life Issue Files” drawn from various publications all over the world.  HLC publishes a quarterly newsletter entitled Human Life Issues at $6.00 per year.  The address of HLC is; Human Life Center, University of Steubenville, Steubenville, Ohio 43952.  Telephone:  (614) 282-9953.

 

Human Life International Reports .  These monthly reports give details on the progress of the international pro-life movement in many countries and the status of pro-homosexual and pro-abortion infiltration of domestic and foreign Catholic churches.  Less detailed coverage of a broader range of topics is given in HLI’s monthly Special Reports.  To subscribe, write to Human Life International, 7845-E Airpark Road, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20879, or call (301) 670-7884.  HLI’s FAX number is (301) 869-7363.

 

The Interim .  This is Canada’s leading pro-life and pro-family newspaper, and should be of genuine interest to U.S. pro-lifers, because it covers pro-life events in detail in both countries.  The 24-page newspaper also has numerous theoretical articles.  This monthly is available for $22 from The Interim Publishing Company Limited, 53 Dundas Street East, Suite 306, Toronto, Ontario M5B 1C6, telephone:  (416) 368-0250, FAX (416) 368-8575.

 

J.A. Johnston, M.D., and D.B. Robert.   Catholic Women and Abortion:  A Profile, Sample and Case Study .  Sydney, Australia:  Catholic Family Life Programme, 1978.  136 pages.  Reviewed by Donald DeMarco, Ph.D., in the Spring 1980 issue of the  International Review of Natural Family Planning , pages 74 to 81.  This bizarre and muddled book shows that pro-abortionists use the same subtle anti-Catholic bias all over the world, even ‘down under.’  These authors present a purportedly comprehensive study whose numbers are impossible to follow because they change constantly and do not even add up!  The pro-abortion bias and utter ignorance of the authors shows when they identify the Catholic Church as a “Right-to-Life Movement,” and when they insist that a woman who aborts her child and sterilizes herself after using contraception during her entire period of childbearing years to cover up numerous acts of adultery is a “devout Catholic” because she occasionally attends Mass!  This book, a combination of inept number-crunching and outright bigoted propaganda, is apparently what Aussie pro-aborts consider “leading-edge research.”

 

Jacqueline Kasun, Ph.D.  The War Against Population:  The Economics and Ideology of Population Control.  1987, 338 pages, $14.95.  Order from Ignatius Press, 15 Oakland Avenue, Harrison, New York 10528, or from Green Hill Publishers, Post Office Box 738 Ottawa, Illinois 61350, telephone: (815) 434-7905. One of the most popular myths of our time is the Malthusian notion that the world’s population is exploding, so that disaster is inevitable (even imminent).  Therefore, the population control fanatics state as fact that governments and individuals have the duty to control procreation, no matter what means are necessary.  The population controllers use billions of our tax dollars to advance U.S. “contraceptive imperialism” all over the world.  This book examines and effectively debunks the basic assumptions of the international population control network.

 

Father Paul Marx.   Confessions of a Pro-Life Missionary .  1988, 353 pages, $10.00 hardback, $8.00 softback.  Published by Human Life International, address given below.  This is an excellent account of Father Marx’s travels all over the world since he founded HLI in 1981.  It is a firsthand account of his battle against U.S. ‘contraceptive imperialism,’ the International Planned Parenthood Federation, and abortion in dozens of countries.  This book is a bound version of four years of Human Life International’s  Special Reports .  Human Life International is the most complete source of information on the status of artificial birth control, abortion, and euthanasia in the world today.  Its annual dues of $25 includes 17 issues of the HLI newsletter, and an additional $15 will purchase 10 special reports, published about monthly.  Its mailing address is Human Life International, 7845-E Airpark Road, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20879.  Telephone:  (301) 670-7884.

 

Father Paul Marx.   The Flying Monk:  Still Fighting for Life .  1990, 160 pages.  Published by Human Life International, 7845-E Airpark Road, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20879.  Telephone:  (301) 670-7884.  A book form of Human Life International  Reports  numbered 61 to 73.  This third book of a series covers Father Marx’ adventures in Ecuador, India, South Africa, Czechoslovakia, Holland, Nicaragua, and many other nations.

 

Emily Campbell Moore-Cavar.   International Inventory of Information on Induced Abortion . International Institute for the Study of Human Reproduction, Columbia University, 1974.  656 pages.  An outdated but still interesting work of more than 800 pages on the early history of abortion (i.e., 1950-1970) in North America and Europe.  Also contains more than two hundred pages on polls and public attitudes toward abortion.

 

Steven W. Mosher.   Broken Earth:  The Rural Chinese .  New York:  The Free Press.  1983, 317 pages.  $17.95 hardback, $8.95 paperback.  Order from: Life Issues Bookshelf, Sun Life, Thaxton, Virginia 24174, telephone:  (703) 586-4898.  Mr. Mosher, a Chinese-American scholar who was denied his Ph.D. because he revealed details of China’s forced-abortion policy, outlines various Chinese government policies and their impacts on the common Chinese worker and rural dweller.  Chapter 9 of his book, “Birth Control:  A Grim Game of Numbers,” deals with China’s forced-abortion and one-child policy, which leads also to female infanticide when the first baby is a girl.

 

Anne Packer.   A Matter of Conscience .  177 pages, $4.55.  Order from Our Lady’s Book Service, Nazareth Homestead, R.D. 1, Box 258, Constable, New York 12926, telephone:  1-800-263-8160.  The story of David Packer, a illegal abortion clinic, and was fired for his courageous stand for life and the law.

 

Population Research Institute Review .  This bimonthly newsletter covers the international population control activities of various U.S.-funded purveyors of “contraceptive imperialism,” or the control of other nations by forcing our ‘family planning’ philosophies down their throats.  The biggest offenders include the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA), and, of course, the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF).  Subscribe for $20 annually by writing to The Population Research Institute, Post Office Box 2024, Baltimore, Maryland 21298-9559, telephone (301) 670-1864.  FAX number is (301) 869-7363.

 

John A. Ross, Marjorie Rich, Janet P. Molzan, and Michael Pensak.   Family Planning and Child Survival, 100 Developing Countries .  Center for Population and Family Health, Columbia University, 60 Haven Avenue, New York, New York 10032.  1988, 247 pages, $10.00.  Table 7, “Legal Status of Abortion,” pages 42 and 43.  This book also includes detailed charts and graphs on the effectiveness of United States “contraceptive imperialism,” information on the costs, supplies, acceptability of contraception in developing countries, family planning expenditures by the United States in developing countries, infant mortality rates, and family planning personnel allocated by country.

 

United Nations Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. World Population Policies .  3 volumes.   Volume I:  Afghanistan to France.    Volume II:  Gabon to Norway.    Volume III:  Oman to Zimbabwe. Each volume lists each developing country’s current perceptions regarding five characteristics of its own population:  “Size/age structure/growth;” “mortality/morbidity;” “fertility/nuptiality/family;” “international migration;” and “spatial distribution/urbanization.”  General information on each country’s population control policies and measures, policy framework, and institutional framework are is also provided.  Order from the United Nations Department of International Economic and Social Affairs, 220 East 42nd Street, New York, New York 10017.

 

United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA).   Annual Report . Detailed information on the UNFPA’s activities, to include current programs, the organization’s opinions regarding current general world population trends, and future plans (generally over the next five years). Population control programs are described by sectors, regions and countries.  Special headquarters activities and global projects are also described.  Order from the United Nations Fund for Population Activities, 220 East 42nd Street, New York, New York 10017.

 

United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA).   Inventory of Population Projects in Developing Countries Around the World .  Issued annually in English and French.  932 pages.  Includes information on multilateral organization assistance, bilateral agency assistance, regional organization assistance, and non-governmental organization and other assistance in more than one hundred developing countries throughout the world.  Each citation includes basic demographic data, the government’s view regarding population control measures, mortality, morbidity, international migration, fertility, nuptiality, and family information. Each citation also has a detailed list of information on each population control program going on in the country.  For instance, the 1989/1990 Annual listed information on 114 projects in the People’s Republic of China alone.  Order from the United Nations Fund for Population Activities, 220 East 42nd Street, New York, New York 10017.

 

Vitality .  53 Dundas Street East, Suite #305, Toronto, Canada M5B 1C6. Telephone:  (416) 368-8479.  Published six times yearly by the Coalition for the Protection of Human Life (Campaign Life Coalition) of Canada. Subscription price for the 8-page newspaper is $12 per year.  This is the newsletter of the mainline pro-life group in Canada, roughly equivalent to our National Right to Life Committee.  Useful for those who want to keep up on what’s happening North of the border.

 

=================================================================

 

CHAPTER 69. THE PREBORN AS LIVING BEINGS

 

“Around the world, we find a systematic campaign clamoring for the destruction of the embryo and fetus as a cure-all for every social and personal problem. I, for one, find it a bitter irony that just when the embryo and fetus arrive on the medical scene, there should be such a sustained pressure to make him or her a social nonentity.”-- Sir William Liley, the ‘Father of Modern Fetology.’[1]

 

Anti-Life Philosophy.

 

“It is an advantage to have visited an abortion clinic. Your enthusiastic first-hand account of the process can be impressive. Describe how quick and safe the procedure is, how pleasant the clinic, how relaxed the patient, how the conceptus looks at ten weeks - a small bloody mass, very jelly-like, about an inch long, and weighing about 3/4 of an ounce. Absolutely no arms and legs - no “baby” at all!”-- National Abortion Rights Action League.[2]

 

The fetus isn’t alive, not as you and I are alive. As the United States Supreme Court held in its landmark decision Roe v. Wade , abortion is performed only on “potential human life,” so the procedure should not be restricted in any way. The rights of real, live human beings must always take precedence over mere potentialities.

 

Introduction.

 

“Another cliche [used by doctors to refuse to do abortions] is the timeworn “life has begun and I cannot play god” bit, yet daily each doctor sees nothing unethical in excising a cancer, performing a vasectomy on a requesting male without question, or using antibiotics to frustrate the will of god regarding life and death.”-- Lana Clarke Phelan.[3]

 

The central issue of any debate over abortion must focus on the status of the preborn child. Any attempt to shift this focus of the discussion to ‘women’s rights,’ freedom, tolerance, or to any other issue even related to abortion, such as overpopulation, is merely a diversionary tactic and should not be tolerated by pro-lifers.

 

The abortion battle will only be won when all Americans accept the preborn as their brothers and sisters, fully equal to born people in all fundamental rights.

 

Therefore, any meaningful discussion on the topic of abortion must first exactly define and clarify the status of the preborn.

 

A rigorous and logical analysis of the biological and social status of preborns can be performed in three simple steps.

 

(1)   The first level of analysis must answer the question: Are preborns alive? There are only two possible answers to this question. Either they are alive or they are dead (there is no other possible classification --the term “potential life,” like the word “pre-embryo,” is an impossibility, an artificial legal construct designed solely to dehumanize the abortionist’s victims and to assuage guilty consciences).

 

(2)   If this strictly biological question is answered in the affirmative (as it must logically be), we must then further classify this living preborn being as either human or non-human . Since every preborn’s mother and father are human, they are therefore inevitably human itself.

 

(3)   If this second strictly biological question results in the living preborn being classified as human, then we must answer the third, and most difficult question: Is this living human creature a person?

 

The first half of this chapter addresses the foundation of this three- step classification process: are the unborn living beings, or are they dead?

 

The second half of this chapter presents detailed information on fetal development and the capabilities of the preborn child.

 

The Pro-Abortion View of ‘Life.’

 

“Your [pro-life] opposition’s tack is primarily emotional ... Discredit the opposition’s statistics. They are mostly out of date (nowhere near as up-to-date as yours) and mostly distorted ... Remember, they’ll try to hold you to these [when does life begin] arguments because they are about all they have in a meager arsenal ...-- National Abortion Rights Action League.[2]

 

The Conveniently Blind Eye.

 

It is ironic and aggravating in the extreme that pro-abortion propagandists ignore the entire body of scientific and biological evidence to make an assertion whose only redeeming characteristic is that it supports their viewpoint.

 

Of course, pro-aborts really have no choice in the matter; they must ignore the evidence presented by modern fetology, because to embrace such evidence would be a tacit admission that they are murderers! Even Supreme Court Justice Harry Blackmun, author of the Roe v. Wade decision, ducked the question when he stated in his opinion “We need not resolve the difficult question of when life begins.”

 

Pro-abortionists willfully reject any and all evidence, no matter how conclusive or authoritative, in their drive to keep their consciences dead. For example, Judith Pasternak of the American Civil Liberties Union’s Reproductive Freedom Project, when informed about a new fetal surgery technique, simply stated that no scientific advance whatever would change her mind;

 

“Intrauterine, prenatal surgery will no doubt bring joy and relief to many parents whose dreams of a healthy baby were formerly unrealizable. But this technological breakthrough is a medical one, not a moral one; the status of the fetus as patient may be different in degree from the status of the fetus of 10 years ago, but it is not different in kind. For thousands of years, healers have been trying to preserve the lives and health of fetuses whose mothers wanted them; only the sophisticated techniques and the rate of success are new.

 

“But these [fetal surgery] techniques and this success are new indeed, so dazzlingly new as to blind us, perhaps, to the fact that the moral premise of abortion remains unchanged. The “issue of abortion” remains the issue of the right of the woman to choose whether or not to carry something in her own body. No technological advances can rob her of her right to choose whether or not to keep it there” [emphasis in original].[4]

 

This is the essence of close-minded arrogance: that one will not learn and will not change because one’s current opinion is too precious to give up.

 

In essence, what our society is done is adopt a “social” definition of life -- and once this most basic parameter can be defined to fit the situation, nobody is safe -- nobody at all!

 

Planned Parenthood on Mold.

 

Of course, such verbal engineering has already begun . As just one of many examples, Rocky Mountain Planned Parenthood distributes to its clientele a booklet amusingly entitled “Let’s Tell the Truth About Abortion.” This booklet asks; “Is the fetus alive? Is it alive? Algae is alive, and earthworms, and your appendix. Mold on the bread in the refrigerator is alive. People are not agreed on what a life is ... If you look at pictures of human, chicken, pig, and turtle embryos at the same stage of development, it is difficult to tell them apart.”[5]

 

Notice that the pamphlet definitively declares that “Mold on the bread in the refrigerator is alive,” then states baldly that nobody knows what life is. Since mold is alive and the preborn are only “potential life,” Planned Parenthood therefore assigns a higher status to mold than it does to a nine-month preborn baby.

 

Notice also the subtle dehumanization of the unborn by likening them to mold and worms.

 

Say What?

 

As expected, when the United States Supreme Court issued its Webster decision in July 1989, pro-aborts immediately went ballistic with claims that women would soon be dying by the thousands in back alleys again. Just as predictably, all of the allegedly ‘educated’ pro-abort rabble began to crawl out from under their flat rocks when they first perceived that their precious abortion ‘right’ was in danger.

 

In a brief submitted to the United States Supreme Court for the July 1989 Webster decision that began to dismantle Roe v. Wade , 167 pro- abortion scientists and physicians, including 11 Nobel Prize Winners, produced a masterpiece of technobabble that the Court fortunately recognized as a cowardly cop-out. This bogus statement said that “There is no scientific consensus that a human life begins at conception, at a given stage of fetal development, or at birth. The questions of ‘when a human life begins’ cannot be answered by reference to scientific principles like those with which we predict planetary movement. The answer to that question will depend on each individual’s social, religious, philosophical, ethical and moral beliefs and values ... The only ‘consensus’ that may be said to exist among scientists on the question of when a human life begins is that science alone cannot answer that question ... Science cannot define the essential attributes of human life any more than science can define such concepts as love, faith, or trust.”

 

This statement made a number of very important points.

 

·      The ‘scientists’ were essentially saying that “We acknowledge our ignorance and incompetence regarding this subject, but decide in our favor anyhow.”

 

·      Note that, in the first sentence, the ‘scientists’ claim that life may not even begin at birth . Such statements are cropping up more frequently as infanticide becomes more common (and must therefore be justified), and as the debate about euthanasia heats up. These ‘scientists’ are laying the groundwork for a definition of life that ultimately depends on a person’s capabilities and social status.

 

·      Using the ‘logic’ of these alleged learned men and women, it would be possible for a person, consulting his “social, religious, philosophical, ethical and moral beliefs and values,” to decide that an abortionist is not alive. Of course, this type of logic, if used to murder an abortionist, would not stand up in court for an instant. The same logic used to kill tens of millions of preborn baby humans is not only upheld by the courts, it is enthusiastically promoted by them!

 

·      If the alleged best minds in the United States are too frightened to even attempt to answer such a basic question, it is no surprise that our country is falling behind others technologically. These so-called ‘scientists’ vividly demonstrate the principle that there is a vast difference between being intelligent and being smart .

 

·      Finally, we must ask ourselves this question: If 11 Nobel Prize winners thinking together cannot define what human life is, how can they claim that every woman in the country has the ability to do so?

 

Extending the Limits.

 

On a more ‘academic’ level, so-called ‘bioethicists’ Peter Singer and Helga Kuhse state in their book Should the Baby Live? that abortion and infanticide, applied even to healthy newborns , are identical, since “... in neither case has the life of the person begun.”

 

This is the logical next step for those who are too blind to care what life is. ‘Doctors’ and ‘parents’ are now killing newborns by the thousands all over this country because, even though these babies have been born, they do not measure up to the decisionmaker’s high standards.

 

Anyone for a rousing chorus of “Arbeit Macht Frei?”

 

The Consensus.

 

‘Consensus’ is defined by most dictionaries as ‘general agreement’ or ‘the judgment arrived at by most of those concerned.’[6]

 

Figures 69-1 and 69-2 contain just a very few of the many statements made by leading scientists and physicians that support the logical view that life does indeed begin at conception. Please note that there are several quotes from standard medical textbooks in Figure 69-1. This is extremely valuable material for use in a debate. The medical textbooks listed in Figure 69-1 are used by more than half of the medical schools in the United States.

 

FIGURE 69-1  MEDICAL TEXTBOOK AUTHORS SPEAK ON THE BEGINNING OF HUMAN LIFE

“It is the penetration of the ovum by a spermatozoa and the resulting mingling of the chromosomal material each brings to the union that culminates the process of fertilization and initiates the life of a new individual.  Every one of the higher animals starts life as a single cell -- the fertilized ovum.  The union of two such sex cells to form a zygote constitutes the process of fertilization and initiates the life of a new individual.”--  Bradley M. Patten, M.D.   Foundations of Embryology  (3rd Edition, 1968), New York City:  McGraw-Hill.

“The formation, maturation and meeting of a male and female sex cell are all preliminary to their actual union into a combined cell, or zygote, which definitely marks the beginning of a new individual.”--  Leslie Arey.   Developmental Anatomy  (7th Edition, 1974). Philadelphia:  W.B. Saunders Publishers.

“Zygote.  This cell results from fertilization of an oocyte by a sperm and is the beginning of a human being ... Development begins at fertilization, when a sperm unites with an oocyte to form a zygote.  Each of us started life as a cell called a zygote.”--  K.L. Moore.   The Developing Human:  Clinically Oriented Embryology (2nd Ed., 1977).  Philadelphia:  W.B. Saunders Publishers.  Pages 1 and 12.

“The term conception refers to the union of the male and female pronuclear elements of procreation from which a new living being develops. It is synonymous with the terms fecundation, impregnation, and fertilization ... The zygote thus formed represents the beginning of a new life.”--  J.P. Greenhill and E.A. Freidman.   Biological Principles and Modern Practice of Obstetrics .  Philadelphia:  W.B. Saunders Publishers.  Pages 17 and 23.

“A human being develops from a mass of living material no larger than a pinhead, material contributed by both parents and capable of living and growing for a lifetime ... This genetic makeup was established at the beginning of your life, when a haploid egg and a haploid sperm combined to produce a diploid zygote, your first somatic cell.”--  J.H. Otto and A. Towle.   Modern Biology .  New York City:  Holt, Rinehart & Winston.  1969.

“The zygote is the starting cell of the new individual.”--  Salvadore E. Luria, M.D.   36 Lectures in Biology .  Cambridge: Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Press, 1975, page 146.

“It is widely accepted and widely taught that human beings as well as other organisms reproducing by sexual reproduction -- this is nothing unique to humans; this is a general biological principle -- start their existence at the time of conception or fertilization, as a single cell, the zygote.”--  Micheline M. Mathews-Roth, M.D., Harvard Medical School, quoted in the Report, Subcommittee on Separation of Powers to Senate Judiciary Committee S-158 , 97th Congress, 1st Session, April 23, 1981.

“Every time a sperm cell and ovum unite, a new being is created which is alive and will continue to live unless its death is brought about by some specific condition.”--  E.L. Potter, M.D., and J.M. Craig, M.D.   Pathology of the Fetus and the Infant ., 3rd Edition.  Chicago:  Year Book Medical Publishers, 1975, page vii.

“Based on my education and background, therefore, I believe that from the moment of the union of the sperm and the egg in the human species, there is present a new living human being.  The human life is there from the moment of fertilization, and its very essence starts early but is not completed until the second decade of life.  I submit that human life is present throughout this entire sequence from conception to adulthood, and that interruption at any point constitutes termination of human life.”--  Alfred M. Bongiovanni, M.D., University of Pennsylvania Medical Professor, before the Senate Judiciary Committee, April 24, 1981.

 

 

FIGURE 69-2  BIOLOGY AND NEONATOLOGY EXPERTS SPEAK ON THE BEGINNING OF HUMAN LIFE

“Since the old ethic has not yet been fully displaced, it has been necessary to separate the idea of abortion from the idea of killing, which continues to be socially abhorrent. The result has been a curious avoidance of the scientific fact, which everyone really knows, that human life begins at conception and is continuous, whether intra- or extra- uterine, until death. The very considerable semantic gymnastics which are required to rationalize abortion as anything but taking a human life would be ludicrous if they were not often put forth under socially impeccable auspices [emphasis added].”-- “A New Ethic for Medicine and Society,” 113 California Medicine 67, 68 (1970).

“Individual human life begins at conception and is a progressive, ongoing continuum until natural death. This is a fact so well established that no intellectually honest physician in full command of modern medical knowledge would dare to deny it. There is no authority in medicine or biology who can be cited to refute this concept. It is not a “theory,” as Justice Blackmun wished to easily pass it off.”-- D.J. Moran, M.D., J.D. Gorby, M.D., and T.W. Hilgers, M.D., “Abortion in the Supreme Court: Death Becomes a Way of Life.” Abortion and Social Justice , Sheed and Ward, 1974.

“From conception the child is a complex, dynamic, rapidly-growing individual. At fertilization, a new and unique individual is created which, although receiving one-half of its chromosomes from each parent, is really unlike either.”-- B. Heffernan, “The Early Biography of Every Man,” Abortion and Social Justice , Sheed and Ward.

“Physicians, biologists, and other scientists agree that conception marks the beginning of the life of a human being -- a being that is alive and is a member of the human species. There is overwhelming agreement on this point in countless medical, biological, and scientific writings ... Those witnesses who testified that science cannot say whether unborn children are human beings were speaking in every instance to the value question rather than the scientific question. No witness raised any evidence to refute the biological fact that from the moment of human conception there exists a distinct individual being who is alive and is of the human species.”-- Report of the Senate Subcommittee on Separation of Powers to the Senate Judiciary Committee S-158, 97th Congress, 1st Session, 1981, page 7.

“Life has a very, very long history, but each individual has a very neat beginning -- the moment of its conception.”-- Jerome Lejeune, M.D., Ph.D., Professor of Fundamental Genetics, Paris Medical University, quoted in the Report, Subcommittee on Separation of Powers to Senate Judiciary Committee S-158 , 97th Congress, 1st Session, April 23, 1981. A complete text of his outstanding testimony, which neatly encapsulates the entire pro-life position, is printed as “ In Re New Humans,” in the Summer 1981 issue of Human Life Review , pages 60 to 64.

“The most important person on earth is a mother. She cannot claim the honor of having built the Notre Dame Cathedral. She need not; she has built something more magnificent than any cathedral: a dwelling for an immortal soul, the tiny perfection of her baby’s body. The angels have not been blessed with such a grace. They cannot share in God’s creative miracle to bring new saints into Heaven. Only a human mother can. Mothers are closer to God the Creator than any other creature. God joins forces with mothers in performing this act of creation. What on God’s good earth is more glorious than this: to be a mother?”-- From Mother Teresa’s 1979 Nobel Prize acceptance lecture, quoting Cardinal Mindszenty.

 

 

Notice that, in the long run, there  is indeed  a consensus among scientists about when life begins.  No reputable scientist has ever stated that life does  not  begin at conception.  They either say that it does, or that they simply don’t know.  If we treat this question like a public opinion poll and discount the ‘don’t knows,’ we have virtually unanimous consent among scientists that, if compelled to select a point at which life begins, that it begins at conception.

 

As a clincher, the Nobel Prize Committee for Physiology and Medicine stated decisively in 1991 that “The Nobel Committee noted that life begins with the activation of ion channels as the sperm merges with the egg in fertilization.  All cells have electrical charges within and outside the cell and the difference is known as the membrane potential.  Fertilization changes the potential to prevent other sperm from joining the fertilized egg.”[7]

 

Going All the Way. 

 

Most pro-abortionists now realize that they have lost their battle to keep the preborn ‘unalive.’  Many pro-lifers have noticed that the status of the unborn, which was leaned on so heavily by pro-aborts just a few years ago, is now suddenly being disregarded by them.

 

The same people who frankly acknowledged that abortion would be immoral if science could prove that the preborn were alive are  now  saying that it doesn’t matter whether they are alive or not -- now it is humanity or personhood that is the criteria!

 

It is obvious that, even if the humanity and personhood of preborn babies could be conclusively proven, the pro-aborts would declare  these criteria to be irrelevant and would fall back to yet another rationale.

 

Many pro-abortionists now flatly and unashamedly acknowledge that the preborn are alive, but continue to strongly support the slaughter.  This attitude is profoundly frightening to any pro-life person with a sense of history.

 

For example, Norman Mailer is certainly honest in his attitude towards the preborn; “Let me say something that’s shocking.  I am perfectly willing to grant that life starts at conception.  If a woman doesn’t want to have a child, then I think it’s her right to say no.  But let’s not pretend that it isn’t a form of killing.”[8]

 

Even Faye Wattleton, former director of the largest chain of abortion mills in the country -- Planned Parenthood Federation of America --acknowledges that the preborn “baby” is “new life;” “There are many sperm cells in the [seminal] fluid.  If one of them meets an egg cell inside the mother, new life can begin to grow ... If one of your friends is pregnant, ask her to let your child ‘feel the baby move.’ ... A baby grows in a special place inside the mother, called the uterus -- not in her stomach. In nine months it is born.”[9]

 

It is obvious where the pro-abortionists would like to lead us.  While acknowledging the life of the preborn, they suddenly assert simply that, even though they are  alive , they have no  right  to live.

 

‘Bioethicist’ Peter Seinter encapsulates this premise for us; “Once we free ourselves from a world view depending on some specifically religious premises, it can be shown that the early embryo has no intrinsic value and does not have a right to life.  To put the point in a preliminary way, just as we regard brain death as the end of a person’s life, so we should take brain birth as the start of a person’s life [emphasis in original].”[10]

 

Once again, Planned Parenthood frames the question in the bluntest possible terms; “What is a life?  People are not agreed on what a life is. Some believe that a birth of human tissue which is in generally human form but which has no brain (an anencephalic birth) or with only a tiny amount of brain tissue (a microcephalic birth) is not a “life,” even though the tissue is human.  Such births can be kept “alive” on machines for a long time.  But then, individual organs such as hearts can also be kept “alive” on machines for a long time ... A profoundly retarded and totally unaware birth can live for twenty years or more, if provided with round-the-clock care.”[5]

 

Of course, should the PP-type eugenics thinkers gain enough power to decree that personhood (or human life) actually only begins at the age of twelve, there are plenty of abortion clinic workers out there who would be perfectly willing to kill trusting toddlers.

 

Consider a recent interview with an abortuary worker;

 

Interviewer:  “Oh, so as long as you make money, it doesn’t matter?”

 

Clinic Employee:  “As long as it’s food in my stomach, no, it doesn’t matter.  It is legal ... It is legal ... It is legal!”

 

Interviewer:  “So if they legalized killing four-year-old children, you would have no problem?”

 

Clinic Employee:  “No, I would not have a problem ... My conscience is very clear ...”[11]

 

Refuting the Slogans.

 

“If thought corrupts language, language can also corrupt thought.” -- George Orwell.[12]

 

Introduction:  Beginnings of Life. 

 

The statement that “I don’t know when life begins” is the most cowardly, limp-wristed, and vacuous statement of all, and pro-lifers should treat it with the uttermost contempt.  What this slogan  really  means is that:  “I DON’T CARE WHEN LIFE BEGINS!”  Any pro-lifer who hears this statement should really nail the person who says it.

 

Essentially, if anyone says that they don’t know when life begins, they are admitting that abortion  might  be taking life, but really don’t care one way or the other.

 

Often, pro-lifers will encounter pro-abortionists who assert that (1) we don’t know when life begins and (2) life begins at birth.  The pro-lifer should ask him or her how the two are compatible and consistent:  How do they  know  that life begins at birth?

 

Parallel Situations. 

 

It is useful to employ the principle of parallelism to consider the following situation, which uses precisely the same logic as that used by pro-abortionists when addressing the preborn.

 

A demolition crew prepares to knock down an old and decrepit apartment building in the inner city.  A crew member approaches the foreman and asks if he should check inside the building to insure that no transients have taken up residence there.  But the foreman says “We don’t really know if anyone is in there.  Go ahead and knock it down!”

 

Erring on the Side of Life. 

 

A Boeing 747 jetliner packed with 400 people doesn’t take off if the captain suspects any malfunctions.  What would happen if a major drug company marketed a drug without testing it? In matters of public safety, we always err on the side of life!

 

Our society does not allow behavior that may take life, even if the chance is small.  We are not allowed to discharge firearms in the direction of a freeway just because human life might  not  be taken.  We are not allowed to poison Halloween treats food on a supermarket shelf, just because human life might  not  be taken.  And we have many local laws and ordinances that forbid smoking in crowded areas, because second-hand smoke may  be injurious to others!

 

Yet pro-abortionists are saying that abortion should be allowed, just because we might  not  be taking human life (since they  really  don’t know when life begins, after all).

 

A pro-lifer can easily tie up a pro-abortionist by getting him to define precisely when life begins, then asking him what the difference is between a fetus one day before this mythical dividing line and one day after.  This is particularly easy if the pro-abort says that life begins at ‘quickening.’

 

‘Potential Life.’  

 

The term “potential life” never existed before 1965, because it was not needed.  But the pro-abortionists found themselves in a difficult position as they mapped their strategy to obtain abortion on demand.

 

They could admit that the fetus was alive, because this would be an automatic admission that abortion is killing and they supported this killing.  They also could not say that the fetus was nonlife (or dead), because the public would intuitively see this as incorrect -- and, even worse, as callous.

 

Therefore, the term “potential life” was invented.

 

For the last quarter-century, the term has only been used by pro-abortionists and their shills to achieve and maintain abortion on demand. To embryologists, fetologists, biologists, and geneticists, it is a nonsense term that has no application or use whatever.  The term “potential life” will never appear in any medical textbook because such usage would destroy the author’s credibility.

 

The ‘potential life’ argument can be refuted in a simple three-step process;

 

(1)    show that there is no such thing as “potential life;”

 

(2)    establish that the fetus is not dead; and

 

(3)    conclude, by the process of elimination, that it therefore must be alive.

 

Bogus Definition. 

 

“Potential life” is merely a bogus term cooked up by the Supreme Court to prop up its ridiculous Roe v. Wade decision.  It is universally derided by biologists and fetologists.  It is also leaned on heavily by pro-aborts who insist that “life” is a metaphysical term, not a biological term.  In other words, every woman can decide for herself whether or not her ‘fetus’ is alive.

 

Every entity on the face of the earth, animate or inanimate, is either “alive” or “dead” (of course, the descriptive verb “dead” does  not necessarily imply that the entity was previously alive).  Bacteria, cattle, and people are alive.  Clouds, rocks, and corpses are dead.  There is no ‘in-between’ term, because either an entity possesses the spark of life or it does not.  Just as a woman cannot be “potentially pregnant,” an entity cannot be “potentially alive.”

 

The argument that there is some in-between area between life and death is used by pro-abortionists and pro-euthanasiasts today just as enthusiastically as Nazis and slaveowners used it in the past.  The use of the term ‘potential life’ is absolutely necessary to confuse the issue and prepare the ground for euthanasia on demand.

 

Given that all things are either alive or dead, the pro-abortionist must now be compelled to concede that the fetus is not dead.  After all, if the fetus  were  dead, the natural miscarriage process would occur, and the woman would lose the child.  Therefore, she would not need an abortion in the first place!

 

Abortionist or Exorcist? 

 

Some pro-aborts insist that they and they alone confer existence upon their preborn baby by some nebulous process of “acceptance.”  In other words, if they don’t want the pregnancy, the baby simply does not exist.

 

If a pro-abort subscribes to this view, the pro-lifer should ask why women need an abortion for a baby that doesn’t exist!  If every woman could decide for herself when life began by using a metaphysical process, she would need an  exorcism  for an unwanted pregnancy,  not an abortion!

 

If the fetus  were  dead, it would not be growing, sucking its thumb, taking in and efficiently processing nutrients, and excreting.  After three weeks, its heart would not be beating and its brain would not be functioning.

 

Ensoulment = Life? 

 

Many pro-abortionists (including President Bill Clinton) have made the silly assertion that life does not begin until the baby gets its soul -- and, in their opinion, this ‘ensoulment’ invariably occurs at birth.

 

We must ask people who advance this vacuous argument a few pointed questions.  To begin with, there is no way to measure the presence of a “soul” through any scientific method.  How, then, do they  know  that the soul enters the body at birth?  What if someone asserts that the soul only enters the body when the person reaches the age of reason -- say, at seven years old?  Does that render a six-year old ‘unalive?’

 

We should also inform “Slick Willie” and his pals that the question of ‘ensoulment’ is a purely religious one -- and for Bill to impose his idea of when life begins on the nation through his executive actions and judicial appointments is a gross violation of the separation of church and state!

 

Finally, the presence of a soul has never indicated life in a creature.  Only the most radical and extreme animal-rights activists will assert that a fly or a pig has a soul.  Even though animals certainly do not possess souls they are obviously alive.

 

What Clinton and his buddies are doing here is falling back to yet another trench in the moral warfare over abortion:  They cannot deny that the preborn are alive and human, and so they are deliberately pegging their abortion stand on a question that science literally will never be able to answer.  This is a classic use of the tactic of ‘mystagoguery:’  An attempt to render a question so complicated or unreachable that it can never be answered.

 

Of course, it really doesn’t matter to Clinton and like thinkers when  ensoulment occurs.  If, through some scientific breakthrough, a person could prove that the preborn received their souls at the instant of conception, are there any pro-lifers out there naive enough to expect that people who think this way would immediately give up their abortion ‘right?’

 

No way!  They would just find some other justification.

 

Conclusion. 

 

The natural conclusion that stems from the above discussions is that preborn babies indeed fully alive in every sense of the term.  Anyone who says otherwise is either deliberately dishonest or deceiving themselves.

 

A pro-lifer may also want to ask a pro-abortionist if he believes in the morality of fetal organ transplants for Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy, and other disorders.  The pro-lifer should also ask him if he thinks that fetal organ experimentation is ethical.  The pro-abort will be compelled by his philosophy to answer “yes.”

 

It is then easy to point out the obvious conclusion that fetal tissue used for such purposes is obviously  alive  -- it would be useless if it were dead!  How can live tissue come from a non-living organism?

 

Additionally, the pro-lifer might ask his opponent his opinion of  in-vitro  fertilization (IVF).  After all, if the sperm and egg combined in a dish are not alive, they cannot be implanted in a host uterus.  Even at the very early 16- or 32-cell stage, the blastocyst or embryo is very much alive.

 

When Did Life Begin? -- An Alternative View.

 

“The [pro-life] opposition will hammer away at life and murder themes - matters of theology and faith, rather than fact and reason.  Dispose of these as quickly as possible (avoid the “When does life begin?” discussion) ...”-- National Abortion Rights Action League.[2]

 

Two Beginnings. 

 

Pro-lifers are sometimes puzzled and sidetracked by pro-aborts who claim that “Abortion is all right because life does not begin at conception.  The sperm is alive.  The egg is alive.  Human life actually began millions of years ago!”

 

This assertion is very easy to handle if it is properly contemplated beforehand.

 

Many pro-lifers (and pro-aborts too, for that matter) hold the view that life does not begin at conception or at implantation, but instead began millions of years ago.  For these people, the question “When does life begin?” can be answered very simply:  Human life began with Adam and Eve (for evolutionists, human life began when the first being evolved to the point of humanity).  Since that time, the quality named “human life” has been passed down from generation to generation.  There is no point at which life suddenly stops and then restarts.  The ovum and the sperm are alive.  They arise from living building blocks.  If they were not alive, fertilization would be impossible.

 

Pro-Abortion Manipulation. 

 

This reasoning is also used by some pro-abortionists to justify abortion, but this type of manipulation really makes no sense at all.  After all, what difference does it make when life begins?

 

When dealing with the question of abortion under this type of logic, it does not  matter  when life begins.  It may have begun millions of years ago, or just eight weeks ago at conception.  It makes no difference  when it begins -- the important point to make is that it  has  begun!

 

The operative question here is when human life  ends .  It matters not if life begins at conception, with the first human risen from the apes, or with Adam and Eve; abortion kills a human life.

 

Since by any possible evolutionist or creationist definition life has already begun, the real question here is actually “When does  personhood begin?”  The pro-aborts would have us believe that any person can assign personhood based upon their own reasons and attitudes.  In other words, there is no concrete definition of “personhood.”

 

This attitude, of course, is desperately dangerous.  If we can define classes of persons out of existence with our personal whims, we have already come far down the road already traveled by the Nazis.

 

==========================================

 

[1]  Sir William Liley, ‘The Father of Modern Fetology,’ quoted in Dr. Bernard Nathanson’s book  The Abortion Papers:  Inside the Abortion Mentality .  Idea Books, Post Office Box 4010, Madison, Wisconsin 53711. 1985, 192 pages, $9.95.

 

[2]  Looseleaf booklet entitled “Organizing for Action.”  Prepared by Vicki Z. Kaplan for the National Abortion Rights Action League, 250 West 57th Street, New York, N.Y. 10019.  51 pages, no date.

 

[3]  Lana Clarke Phelan.  “Abortion Laws:  The Cruel Fraud.”  Speech presented at the First California Conference on Abortion at Santa Barbara, California in March of 1968 by the Society for Humane Abortion, Inc., San Francisco, California.

 

[4]  Judith Pasternak, Reproductive Freedom Project, ACLU Foundation, New York City, in a letter to the  New York Times Magazine .  Also quoted in “Worth Quoting.”   National Right to Life News , February 3, 1983, page 19.

 

[5]  “Let’s Tell the Truth About Abortion.”  Pamphlet distributed by Rocky Mountain Planned Parenthood.  1985, 22 pages. Fight Back Press, Post Office Box 61421, Denver, Colorado 80206.  Pages 3 and 4.

 

[6]   Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary .  Springfield, Massachusetts: G&C Merriam Company, 1974, page 241.

 

[7]  The Nobel Prize Committee for Physiology and Medicine.  Quoted in the New York Times , October 8, 1991.

 

[8]  Norman Mailer on the David Frost Show.  Quoted in “Norman Mailer Speaks Out on Sex and AIDS.”  American Family Association  Journal , March 1992, page 3.

 

[9]  Faye Wattleton, former president of Planned Parenthood Federation of America (PPFA).   How to Talk with Your Child About Sexuality .  Garden City, New York:  Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1986, 150 pages.  A detailed review of this book may be obtained from Jim Sedlak, Director, Stop Planned Parenthood (STOPP), Post Office Box 8, LaGrangeville, New York 12540.

 

[10]  Peter Seinter.  “The Ethics of Embryo Research.”  1987 position paper published by the Centre for Human Bioethics, Monash University.

 

[11]  “Abortion Clinic Staff Worker Gives Her Excuses.”   Life Advocate (publication of Advocates for Life Ministries, Portland, Oregon), April 1992, page 21.

 

[12]  George Orwell, “Politics and the English Language.”   The Orwell Reader .  New York, 1956, pages 355 and 356.

 

==========================================

 

Further Reading and Resources:  Preborn Human Life.

 

Fetal Models.  Large pro-life groups, or those persons who do a lot of presentations on fetal development, may be interested in a high-quality set of eight fetal development models.  These high-quality models are mounted on stands and include the uterus, placenta, and life-sized baby from four weeks to seven months.  The baby models can be lifted out of the uterus. The prices may vary, but are generally about $550.00.  Information can be obtained from Life Cycle Books, Post Office Box 792, Lewiston, New York 14092-0792.  Telephone:  (416) 690-5860.

 

John Ankerberg and John Weldon.   When Does Life Begin?:  And 39 Other Tough Questions About Abortion .  Brentwood, Tennessee:  Wolgemuth & Hyatt Publishers, 1989, 252 pages.  This book is one of the best primers the pro-life movement has, because it contains everything that a new activist needs to know.  It has four logically laid-out sections:  (1) the basic question on when human life begins; (2) answering pro-abort slogans; (3) a Biblical and theological analysis of abortion, and (4) what Christians and churches can do to stop the American Holocaust.

 

Larry Christenson.   The Wonderful Way That Babies Are Made .  Hardback, $8.95.  Order from:  Life Issues Bookshelf, Sun Life, Thaxton, Virginia 24174.  Telephone:  (703) 586-4898.  A good book for parent-guided sex education that treats the subject in the context of God’s plan for us.  The book includes beautiful illustrations and a short section on adoption. There are varying sizes of print and simplicity of language, so that small children and older ones may be taught out of the same book.

 

Marjorie A. England, M.D.   Color Atlas of Life Before Birth:  Normal Fetal Development .  Year Book Publishers, Chicago, 1983.  Oversize hardcover, $49.95.   Order from:  Life Issues Bookshelf, Sun Life, Thaxton, Virginia 24174.  Telephone:  (703) 586-4898.  This 224-page “coffee-table volume” is lavishly illustrated with color photographs and explains in detail the development of every organ of the unborn child through all stages of development.  A bit pricey, but an invaluable tool for debate and for learning about just who it is we are fighting for.  This book would make an outstanding pro-life gift to an individual or to a library or school.

 

Jerome LeJeune, M.D., Ph.D., Micheline M. Mathews-Roth, M.D., Hymie Gordon, M.D., and Herbert Ratner, M.D.  “The Beginnings of Human Life.”  Decisive testimony before the Subcommittee on Separation of Powers of the United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary on the subject of human life’s beginnings by four of the leading geneticists in the world.  Number 10 in a series of educational publications available from Americans United for Life, Inc., 230 North Michigan Avenue, Suite 915, Chicago, Illinois 60601.

 

Susan Schaeffer Macauley.   Something Beautiful from God .  Paperback, $7.95.  Order from:  Life Issues Bookshelf, Sun Life, Thaxton, Virginia 24174, telephone:  (703) 586-4898.  A parent’s read-aloud book that explains the miracle of life before birth.  Includes beautiful photographs of babies in the womb, and treats the subjects of sex and babies in a reverent manner.

 

Bernard M. Nathanson, M.D.   The Abortion Papers:  Inside the Abortion Mentality .  Idea Books, Post Office Box 4010, Madison, Wisconsin 53711. 1985, 192 pages, $9.95.  A former prolific abortionist exposes the anti-Catholic bigotry of the pro-abortion movement, discusses the role of the blatantly biased media in obtaining abortion on demand, and explores what the science of fetology has revealed about the unborn child.  This enjoyable book is written in George Will’s wry and acerbic style.  Read especially Chapter 2, “Fetology for Pro-Life,” pages 111 to 175.  This chapter consists of a detailed and interesting history of fetology in the United States.

 

Bernard Nathanson, M.D.   The Silent Scream .  $3.95.  Order from:  Life Issues Bookshelf, Sun Life, Thaxton, Virginia 24174.  Telephone:  (703) 586-4898.  This is the book form of the film that provoked an international pro-abort scream of protest and a futile effort to discredit it.  The book, like the film, describes a suction abortion from the baby’s point of view. The book also includes pro-abortion rebuttals to the film The Silent Scream and the answers to those rebuttals.

 

Lennart Nilsson, M.D.   A Child is Born:  The Drama of Life Before Birth . Dell Publishing Company, 1977.  $8.95 soft cover, $17.95 hardbound.  This book is the sidewalk counselor’s favorite.  It includes riveting and beautiful color photos of the unborn child, which can be used in a most effective manner to quickly disprove the clinic escort’s lies about fetal development.

 

Joan Lowery Nixon.   Before You Were Born .  Our Sunday Visitor, Huntington, Indiana, 46750.  28 pages, 1980, $3.95.  This is an excellent pro-life book that is basic enough to read to small children.

 

Sean O’Reilly, M.D.   Bioethics and the Limits of Science .   Christendom College Press, Route 3, Box 87, Front Royal, Virginia 22630.  1980, 176 pages, $5.95.  Reviewed by Robert E. Joyce, Ph.D. in the Fall 1980 issue of the  International Review of Natural Family Planning , pages 274 to 276. Recommended for college students working in a Christian context.  This book covers the definition of life and person, how technology has complicated the debate, the norms of bioethics, the definition of death, and a description of false and true humanist ethics and the foundation of Christian ethics and the authority of the Church.

 

Stephen Parker.   Life Before Birth:  The Story of the First Nine Months . Cambridge University Press, 1979; 48 pages, $4.95.  Order from:  Life Issues Bookshelf, Sun Life, Thaxton, Virginia 24174, telephone:  (703) 586-4898.  Reviewed by John Hamlon on pages 170 and 171 of the Summer 1979 issue of the  International Review of Natural Family Planning .  Displays from the British Museum of Natural History are drawn to illustrate life before birth and prove beyond doubt that life begins at fertilization. This is an excellent book for parent-guided sex education, in that it includes line drawings of the human reproductive systems.  An effective tool for educating people as to the humanity and beauty of the preborn. Children especially will love this book.

 

Scientists for Life (Edward C. Freiling, Ph.D., editor).   The Position of Modern Science on the Beginning of Human Life .  $1.25.  Order from:  Life Issues Bookshelf, Sun Life, Thaxton, Virginia 24174.  Telephone:  (703) 586-4898.  This book proves conclusively, using references from famous scientists, that human life begins at fertilization.  This book cuts through the pro-abort’s desperate attempts to obscure the issue and shows that science does indeed know when life begins!  All of the book’s material is based on fact, not opinion; logic, not emotion.  comes with a study guide in question and answer format to assist teachers and discussion leaders.

 

Margaret Sheffield.   Where Do Babies Come From?  and  Before You Were Born .  Alfred A. Knopf, 1982 and 1984.  Each book is 32 pages and $10.95. Two more very good books for children as young as six years old.

 

Landrum Shettles, M.D., and David Rorvik.   Rites of Life:  The Scientific Evidence for Life Before Birth .  Zondervan Corporation, Grand Rapids, Michigan.  1983, $12.95.  Reviewed by Regis Walling in the Spring 1984 issue of the  International Review of Natural Family Planning , pages 88 and 89.

 

Carol Van Klompenburg and Elizabeth Siitari, M.D.   Loving Your Preborn Baby .  Harold Shaw Publishers, Route 2, Box 152, Pella, Iowa 50219. Telephone:  (515) 628-1307.  1990.  Reviewed on page 54 of the Winter 1991 issue of  ALL About Issues .  Chapters on baby’s development, meditations for expecting mothers, and how to choose a good name for baby.

 

Dr. and Mrs. J.C. Willke.   Abortion:  Questions and Answers .  1985, 315 pages, $2.95.  Order from Hayes Publishing Company, 6304 Hamilton Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio 45224.  Also available in state and local Right to Life offices.  This book features extensive basic information on fetal development.

 

=================================================================

 

CHAPTER 72. THE MIRACLE OF FETAL DEVELOPMENT

 

“The last time I saw her, she was just eight cells in a test tube. She was beautiful then, and she’s beautiful now.”-- Dr. Robert Edwards describing Louise Brown,the world’s first ‘test-tube’ baby.[1]

 

Anti-Life Philosophy.

 

“Explain that you are equally repulsed by the [pro-life] photos, that you are human and love children and babies as much as anyone else ... The pictures they [the audience] have seen must be discredited. They have been magnified so much as to remove the facts from scientific perspective. Really, in early stages, the fetus is smaller than a fingernail, can fit into a walnut shell, and is much like menstrual flow to the naked eye. We would be repulsed by a magnified picture of an eyeball in formaldehyde also.”-- National Abortion Rights Action League.[2]

 

The First Nine Months of Life.

 

“It is not enough merely to tell them [pregnant women] that in producing an abortion in the early months they are taking a human life; they must be shown that at this [six week] period the child is already well along in its development.”-- Abortionist Frederick Taussig.[3]

 

The True Impact of Roe v. Wade.

 

The United States Supreme Court, in its loathsome 1973 Roe v. Wade and Doe v. Bolton decisions, stated that abortion is legal throughout all nine months of pregnancy. One of the greatest triumphs of the pro-abortion movement is that it has convinced the United States public that abortion is illegal beyond the first trimester, as described in Chapter 89, “Supreme Court Decisions on Abortion.”

 

Look in Your Yellow Pages.

 

The most effective rebuttal of the pro- abortion allegation that abortion is illegal after the first trimester is as close at hand as your local Yellow Pages.

 

Almost every phone book in the United States includes advertising by an abortion mill that does abortions to 22, 24, or 28 weeks. Larger cities will have the clinics locally, and surrounding rural areas will almost always have these clinics advertising in their Yellow Pages.

 

“Collision Course.”

 

Associate Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O’Connor has stated that Roe v. Wade is “... on a collision course with itself.” Roe defined viability as when the baby is “... potentially able to live outside the mother’s womb, albeit with artificial help.” The court then established an arbitrary viability limit of 30 weeks . The Justices were already outdated in their thinking; Figure 72-1 shows that fetal viability was fifty percent at only 28.5 weeks as far back as 1970.

 

FIGURE 72-1  THE MEDIAN FETAL AGE OF VIABILITY IN THE UNITED STATES (50 Percent Survival Rate)

1950: 33.7 weeks

1955: 31.8 weeks

1960: 30.4 weeks

1965: 29.5 weeks

1970: 28.5 weeks

1975: 27.7 weeks

1980: 27.1 weeks

1985: 26.1 weeks

1990: 25.5 weeks

Reference:  B. Ferrera, R. Hoekstra, E. Graziano, G. Knox, R. Couser, and J. Fangman.  “Changing Outcome of Extremely Premature Infants ( 26 Weeks Gestation and  750 Grams:  Survival and Follow-Up at a Tertiary Center.” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology , 1989;161: pages 1,114 to 1,118.  This article is analyzed in the January 1990 issue of the Bernadell Technical Bulletin , page 5.

 

 

 

The Supreme Court’s decision in Planned Parenthood v. Danforth defined viability as “... that state of fetal development when the life of the unborn child may be continued indefinitely outside of the womb by natural or life-support systems.”

 

This latter definition does not address the question of frozen human embryos, which are certainly capable of being sustained indefinitely by cryogenic life-support systems. By the Supreme Court’s own medico-legal definition, a preborn baby is viable until about three weeks of age, then non-viable until about 24 weeks, and viable thereafter.

 

Does this make any sense?

 

Lowering the Limits on Viability.

 

In 1950, a baby born at thirty week’s gestation had only a slim chance to live. The birth and survival of a “kilogram kid” (a premature baby born at 2.2 pounds) was big news indeed. Now, however, the limits have been drastically lowered; it is estimated that more than one hundred children have been born in this country weighing less than one pound , and most of them are living perfectly healthy and normal lives.

 

The smallest surviving healthy baby born weighed 380 grams, or about 13.4 ounces. Her mother suffered from life-threatening high blood pressure and a blood clotting disorder, and the infant was delivered 15 weeks early by emergency Cesarian section. The child survived and was discharged after 4 months in the hospital nursery. At 20 months, she was evaluated and was found to have minor eye and ear disorders. She had normal scores for intelligence and psychomotor development. The total cost of her delivery and care was estimated to be $202,109.[4]

 

Figure 72-1 shows the mean gestational age at which babies have survived birth over the last forty years. The figures shown represent that point at which an “average” baby for that gestational age may be born and have a fifty percent chance of survival.

 

Figure 72-2 lists the names of about one percent of the babies who have survived extremely early birth, and together with Figure 72-1, clearly demonstrates that the threshold of fetal viability is decreasing in a steady near-linear pattern.

 

FIGURE 72-2  SOME HEALTHY BABIES WHO HAVE SURVIVED EXTREMELY EARLY BIRTH

Baby’s Birthday

Weeks Gestation

Baby’s Weight (ounces)

Baby’s Name

Source of Information

3/1971

21

21

Kelly Thorman

St. Vincent Hospital, Toledo

7/1971

21

23

Suzanne South

Bethesda Hosp., Cincinnati

1/1972

20

27

Marcus Richardson

University Hosp., Cincinnati

3/1972

22

19

Tracy LaBranch

Battle Creek Enquirer

3/1974

23

20

Tascha Hudson

Brooke Army Hospital

4/1974

24

23

Alicia Ponce

Associated Press

4/1978

23

21

Simmonne Jayette

Montreal Jewish Gen. Hosp.

11/1978

23

17

Mimi Faulkner

San Diego,  Boston Herald

10/1979

26

15

Chaya Snyder

Albert Einstein Hosp., NYC

11/1979

26

15

Russell Williams

Long Beach Memorial Hosp.

2/1983

22

17

Ernestine Hodges

San Diego, Washington Post

4/1983

23

19

Faith Materowski

Hackensack Medical Center

6/1983

22

18

Melissa Murray

Victoria, TX,  Houston Post

10/1983

24

16

Jamie Baire

Garfield Hospital, Monterey

12/1983

20

16

Melissa Cameron

Sault St. Marie Hospital

6/1985

21

18

Kanya King

Medical World News

5/1986

27

13

Darlene Monroe

Medical Post , Canada

7/1986

22

12

Brandon Spense

Cincinnati Enquirer

10/1988

24

15

Christy Adams

Our Lady of Lourdes Hospital, Camden

7/1991

22

11

Katy Masner

Kansas City Star , 11/5/91

References:  Dr. and Mrs. J.C. Willke.   Abortion Questions and Answers . Hayes Publishing Company, 6304 Hamilton Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio, 45224. Telephone:  (513) 681-7559.  324 pages.  Also other newspaper articles and news bulletins as noted above.

 

 

 

It is most ironic that most of the hospitals cited in Figure 72-2, which pride themselves on their state-of-the-art neonatal units, also commit abortions. In fact, many hospitals spend hundreds of thousands of dollars fighting to save the lives of very premature babies, while at the same time aborting babies of the same or larger size in another wing.

 

However, under current medical technology, we are definitely approaching the lower limit of viability. Below a certain age, the baby’s lungs just are not capable of sustaining life, even with the most advanced artificial assistance; the baby at 24 weeks has skin so fragile that a mere touch can lacerate it.

 

Certain scientists have sustained very young preborns (12-16 weeks) in artificial wombs consisting of nutrient-rich solution under very high pressure, but the babies have only lived for a short time. The panacea of the artificial womb, if it is theoretically possible, is a long way in the future indeed.

 

For a discussion of extracorporeal gestation and extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), see Chapter 55, “ In-Vitro Fertilization.”

 

Milestones of Fetal Development.

 

“People who say that the heart starts beating 18 days after conception are crazy. At 10 weeks, the embryo still only weighs one ounce, so how could it have a fully formed heart?”-- Canadian abortionist Henry Morgentaler.[5]

 

Time Framework.

 

There are two ways in which people discuss the time period related to milestones in fetal development: Gestational and fertilization age.

 

Fertilization age is a framework of time based upon the point of view of the unborn child, and begins at the instant of conception. The gestational (or menstrual) age timeline begins two weeks earlier at the last menstrual period, and is figured from the point of view of the mother. The framework most often used in discussions about the development of the unborn child is gestational age.

 

These terms can be somewhat confusing since they are based upon different starting points. Benchmarks of both are compared below.

 

LANDMARKS IN FETAL AND GESTATIONAL AGE

 

Fetal (Fertilization) Age in Weeks

Gestational (Menstrual) Age in Weeks

Ovulation/ fertilization

0

2

Implantation

1

3

First missed menstrual period

2

4

Preborn heart begins to beat

3

5

Preborn brain waves begin

6

8

All of preborn’s body systems present

8

10

Birth

38

40

Reference:  Richard D. Glasow, Ph.D.  “Clearing Up Confusion.”   National Right to Life News , July 30, 1991, page 11.

 

 

 

Scientific and Biological Proof.

 

As the above quote demonstrates, abortionists, who can (and do) know better since they have been through medical school, routinely lie about fetal development in an attempt to keep women and the public ignorant and thereby lessen the natural loathing people have for the taking of innocent life.

 

After all, when you make your money slaughtering the most innocent of children, what does it matter that you lie occasionally?

 

At the age of 24 days after conception, the unborn child already meets even the prevailing legal definition of life. Major milestones of normal fetal development are shown in Figure 72-3. The average heights and weights for preborn babies at each week of development are shown in Figure 72-4.

 

FIGURE 72-3  MILESTONES OF FETAL DEVELOPMENT

Conception:  Father’s sperm penetrates mother’s egg.  Genetic instructions from each of the two individuals combine to form a unique individual, barely visible to the human eye.

1st Day:  First four cell divisions take place as the blastocyst travels down the mother’s Fallopian tubes towards the uterus.

5-9 Days:  Implantation in the uterus.  Of the 45 total generations of cell replication that will take place by mature adulthood, eight have already taken place.  The blastocyst now consists of about 256 cells.

14 Days:  The mother’s menstrual period is suppressed by chemical signals emitted by her own child.  First completed brain cells appear.

20 Days:  Heart is in the advanced stages of formation.  Eyes begin to form.  Brain, spinal column, and nervous system virtually complete. Folding of the ectocyst disc occurs. 24 Days:  BABY’S HEART BEGINS TO BEAT.

28 Days:  Muscles are developing.  Arm and leg buds visible.  First neocortal cells appear.  The neocortex is the seat of complex thinking and reasoning, and are present in no other mammal.  Child has grown in size by a factor of 10,000.  He or she is now 6 to 7 millimeters long (about 1/4 inch).  Blood flows in the baby’s veins, separate from mother’s blood.

35 Days:  Pituitary gland forming.  Mouth, ears, and nose taking shape.

42 Days:  Heart energy output is 20 percent that of an adult’s.  Cartilage skeleton is completely formed and ossification begins.  The umbilical cord has developed.  The baby’s brain coordinates voluntary movement of muscles and the involuntary movement of organs.  Reflex responses are present.  The baby’s mother misses her second menstrual period.

43 Days:  BABY’S BRAIN WAVES CAN BE RECORDED.

45 Days:  Spontaneous, voluntary body movements have begun.  Milk teeth buds are present.

7 Weeks:  The baby’s lips are sensitive to touch, and his ears resemble his family’s pattern.  The first fully developed neurons (nerve cells) appear on the top of the spinal cord, beginning construction of the brain stem. This portion of the brain regulates vital functions such as breathing, the heartbeat, and blood pressure.

8 Weeks:  Baby is well-proportioned, about 1-1/2 inches long and 1/30 of an ounce in weight.  All organs are present, complete, and functioning (except lungs).  Heart beats sturdily.  Stomach produces digestive juices.  Liver makes blood cells.  Kidneys are functioning.  The stomach secretes gastric juices.  Taste buds are forming.  Fingerprints are being engraved.  Eyelids and the palms of the hands are sensitive to touch.  A tapping stimulus on the amniotic sac will result in the baby moving his arms.  Of the 45 total generations of cell replication that will take place by mature adulthood, fully two-thirds (30) have already taken place.  The fetus now consists of about one billion cells.  It also contains more equivalent genetic information than every word communicated by every human being who has ever lived since the beginning of the race.

9 Weeks:  Child will bend fingers around an object placed in the palm. Fingernails are forming.  Child sucks thumbs.

10 Weeks:  All sections of baby’s body are sensitive to touch.  Child swallows, squints, frowns, and puckers up brow.  If his palm is stroked, he will make a tight fist.

11 Weeks:  Baby urinates and makes all facial expressions, including smiling.  He is now breathing amniotic fluid steadily and will continue to do so until birth.  Fingernails and toenails are now present.  Taste buds are now working.  The baby will drink more amniotic fluid if it is artificially sweetened, and less if it is given a bitter taste.

12 Weeks:  Vigorous activity shows the baby’s distinct personality; babies sleep patterns differ, some babies hiccup constantly, others may cry.  Baby can kick, turn over, curl and fan toes, make a fist, move thumbs, open mouth and press lips tightly together.  Baby practices breathing.

13 Weeks:  Facial expressions resemble those of parents.  Movements are vigorous and graceful.  Vocal chords are present, and, in rare cases when air enters uterus temporarily, baby has been heard crying.  External sex organs are present, and the sex of baby can be determined.  Auditory sense is now present.

4 Months:  Baby can grasp with hands, swim, and turn somersaults.  Mother may first feel baby’s movements.  Eyelashes are now present.  Rapid Eye Movements (REM), indicative of dreaming, can now be recorded.  A very bright light shined on the mother’s abdomen will cause the baby to slowly move his arms to cover his eyes.  Very loud music will cause the baby to cover his ears.  Connections between the neocortex and the muscles they control are beginning to appear.

5 Months:  Sleeping habits are formed, and a loud sound such as a slammed door may startle child.  Baby responds to sounds that are of frequencies that exceed adult’s range in both directions.  Baby may be soothed to sleep by gentle music.

6 Months:  Most babies are viable at this point (24 weeks - about 60 percent of full gestation).  Fine hair grows on head and eyebrows. Eyelashes appear.  The baby’s weight is about 640 grams (22 ounces), and height is about 23 centimeters (nine inches).

7 Months:  The baby’s weight increases to over one kilogram (2.2 pounds). The baby’s eyeteeth are now present.  His eyes open and close and explore surroundings.  Hands can support baby’s entire weight at this time.  Baby recognizes his or her mother’s voice.  Of the 45 total generations of cell replication that will take place by mature adulthood, 38 have already taken place.  The baby now has about 300 billion cells.

8 Months:  The baby’s weight increases to over two kilograms (4.4 pounds), and his quarters become cramped.  If born now, the baby has more than a ninety percent chance of surviving and being entirely healthy.

9 Months:  In the final six weeks of gestation, the baby gains about an ounce of weight per day.  Hormones released by the child trigger labor. The lightest baby ever born to survive healthily weighed in at 10 ounces. The heaviest baby ever born weighed in at 26 pounds and went on to become a heavyweight boxing champion of the world (Primo Carnera).  Of the 45 total generations of cell replication that will take place by mature adulthood, 41 have already taken place.  The baby now has about two trillion (2,000,000,000,000) cells.  The remaining four generations of cell replication will occupy all of the person’s childhood and young adulthood. This means, that, in developmental terms, we spend 90 percent of our lives in utero .

 

 

FIGURE 72-4  AVERAGE FETAL WEIGHT AND LENGTH BY GESTATIONAL AGE

Weeks of Gestation

Fetal Weight, Grams

Fetal Weight, Lbs-Oz

Fetal Length, Inches

8

1

0 - 1/25

1-1/2

9

2

0 - 1/12

2-0

10

4

0 - 1/6

2-1/2

11

7

0 - 1/3

3-0

12

14

0 - 1/2

3-1/2

13

25

0 - 1

4-1/4

14

45

0 - 2

5-0

15

70