[17]    Salvation: Justification and Sanctification

57.    What is justification?

a. Justification is a judicial act of God (Dt 25:1) by declaring that all claims of the law are satisfied with respect to the sinner on the basis of the righteousness of Jesus (Ro 8:33-34). b. Elements of justification: c. Analogies: d. Adoption: God makes the believer a member of His family (Jn 1:12) with many privileges:

58.    What is sanctification?

a. Sanctification is the continuing work of God with the cooperation of the believer to develop the new life closer to the image of God (2Co 3:18) and ultimately bring it to perfection. The process will gradually enable the believer more and more to die unto sin, and live unto righteousness (Ro 6:11; 12:1).   b. Elements of sanctification: c. 3 types: [Normally, the word "sanctification" refers to the second type.]  
(1) instantaneous or positional sanctification (1Co 6:11; Heb 10:10), same as justification

(2) progressive or experiential sanctification (2Co 7:1; 1Th 3:12; 4:1): commonly referred to as spiritual growth (1Pe 2:2), a progressive process during this present life with increasing degree of:

(3) complete and final sanctification (1Th 5:23; 3:13), same as final glorification

59.    Can a Christian attain perfection in this life as commanded by Jesus (Mt 5:48)?

a. Are there perfect people in the Bible? b. Where in the Bible did God command us to be perfect? c. Can we be perfect in this life? d. What is perfection as referred in the Bible?

60.    What are the practical steps in striving to become holy?

a. Why do we need to be holy? b. In what ways can we strive to become holy?
  (1) Basis: God has made provision for our holiness but the responsibility for resisting sin is ours.   (2) Attitude:
(3) Negative action: (4) Positive action: