C1. Sin: various views (Question
a. Alternate Views:
b. Wrong Views:
- Augustine: All persons possess
an inherent, hereditary depravity, which involves both guilt and corruption.
We are offensive to God’s holiness because of deliberate acts of transgression
and the absence of right affections.
- Strong: Sin is selfishness.
It is preferring one’s own ideas to God’s truth. It is preferring the satisfaction
of one’s own will to doing God’s will. It is loving oneself more than God.
It may manifest itself as sensuality, unbelief, or enmity to God.
- Origen: Sin enters the world
as the result of the transgression of Adam and Eve in paradise. This sin
was the result of temptation of Satan in the form of a serpent (Jn 8:44;
Ro 16:20; 2Co 11:3), who sowed in man’s heart the seeds of distrust and unbelief.
The action was man’s eating from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.
This act was sinful simply because God had forbidden it. It clearly showed
that man was not willing to subject his will unconditionally to the will
of God, and comprised several elements. In the intellect, it was unbelief
and pride, in the will as the desire to be like God (the same reason of Satan’s
fall), and in the affections an unholy satisfaction in eating of the forbidden
fruit. As a result of it, man lost the image of God, became guilty and utterly
corrupt, and fell under the sway of death (Gen 3:19; Ro 5:12; 6:23).
a. The history of mankind is divided
into 7 dispensations:
(1) Innocence: time before Adam’s
Fall (Gen 1:28-3:6)
- Pelagian (Pelagius): Adam’s in
injured only himself. All persons are born into the world in the same sate
in which Adam was created. They have a knowledge of what is evil and the
power to do all that God requires. Sin, therefore, consists only in the deliberate
choice of evil.
- Dualism (Greek philosophy and
gnosticism): Man has a spirit derived from the kingdom of light, and a body
with its animal life derived from the kingdom of darkness. Sin is thus a
physical evil, the defilement of the spirit by its
union with a material body. Sin is to be overcome by destroying the influence
of the body on the soul.
(2) Conscience: up to the end of
the Flood (Gen 4:1-8:14)
(3) Government: Noahic covenant to
the Tower of Babel (Gen 8:15-11:9)
(4) Promise: to before Mount of Sinai
(Gen 11:10 to Ex 18:27)
(5) Mosaic Law: up to the descent
of the Holy Spirit (Ex 19:1 to Ac 1:26)
(6) Grace: to before the millenium
(Ac 2:1 to Rev 19:21)
(7) Millenium: second coming of Christ
and millenium (Rev 20:4-6)
b. Dispensationalists hold that God’s
revelation to man differs in different dispensations and that God treats people
from different dispensations differently. Most significantly, they believe
that the church is entirely distinct from Israel as an entity. Some believe
that the Old Testament is written for Israel, not for the church. (Some even
include the gospel of Matthew which was written for the Jews.) This position
is too extreme.